- Course Goals:
o Evaluate the importance of forest & their resources on human
o Outline flows of energy & nutrients
o Introduce the major biophysical factors affecting forest ecosystem
integrity & productivity
o To outline conventional & sustainable forest management practices
- In the past: forest play an important role for humans
o Shelter, protection, products (food, medicine, fuel, construction
- Not long ago wood was a primary source of fuel.
- Today over 10,000 different products are made from wood.
- Other benefits of the forest:
o Erosion control
o C sequestration
o Control of hydrology/flood prevention
o Aesthetic values
o Recreational activities
- Forest managers must understand all views on forest management and
o Incorporate views from stakeholders.
- Forestry: The art, science and practice of managing natural resources that
occur on or in association with forest land for human benefit.
o They are complex interactions between living and non-living
o Forest distribution and composition are dependent on environmental
o This definition does not take into account:
Role/importance of trees in an ecosystem
Role of people
Role of wildlife
Role of ecosystem services
Management of forests (fire protection, disease outbreak
protection/management, overall protection of forest
- About 30% of the global surface is covered by forests.
- The forest is composed of many different tree species
o Dominated by two major groups:
Gymnosperms arose 365 million years ago.
Never have been more than a few thousand species
Expansion of Angiosperms resulted in decline of