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Lecture 1

FR151 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: La Une, Girdle, Chemise

Course Code
Cynthia Tremblay

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Commands are verb forms used without a subject pronoun to tell or ask someone to do
These commands are all verb forms that end in -ez, associated with the pronoun Vous.
Some commands have Vous attached to the verb, while others do not.
Pronom personnel (de la deuxième personne)
Bonjour, madame. Est-ce que je peux vous aider?
Singulier (de politesse) -politeness
Bonjour, les enfants. Allez-vous bien?
Donner un ordre : ouvrez le livre (give an order : open the book)
Faire une suggestion : essayez la crème caramel. Elle est bonne. (Make a
suggestion : try the cream caramel. It's good)
Donner des directions: tournez à droite après la maison verte. (Give directions :
turn right after the green house)
Affirmative: courez!
Ou négative : ne courez pas!
Dans une phrase:
Giving Instructions: Commands with Vous
To ask who someone is, use qui est-ce? The usual reply is C'est and the name of a person, or
just the name.
If you are not sure who someone is, ask Est-ce que c'est…? With the name of the person.
Response should be oui or non.
Used for family and friends
Used for groups and non-intimates
Qui est-ce? (Who's that?)
Est-ce que c'est Diane? (Is that Diane?)
Comment vous appelez-vous? (What's your name?) - polite form
Comment t'appelles-tu? (What's your name?) - informal
Comment s'appelle-t-il? (What's his name?)
Comment s'appelle-t-elle? (What's her name?)
To ask who someone is…
C'est Anne. (That’s Anne)
Non, c'est Catherine. (No, that's Catherine)
Je m'appelle Madame Beaulieu. (I am..)
Je m'appelle Daniel. (I am..)
Il s'appelle Paul. (I am…)
Elle s'appelle Louise. (I am…)
The usual reply is…
Identifying people : c'est... Je m'appelle…
Adjectives usually change their endings to agree with the gender of the noun they modify
Le genre masculin (m)
En français, tu les noms ont un genre. Il y a:
Gender and articles
Module One
Thursday, January 7, 2016
6:54 PM
FR 151 Page 1
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