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Lecture 2

FR151 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Chapeau, Preposition And Postposition


Department
French
Course Code
FR151
Professor
Cynthia Tremblay
Lecture
2

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Use the expression il y a (there is/there are) to talk about the presence or existence of people
or things. Use Est-ce qu'il y a…? Or Y a-t-il…? To ask a question
If the answer is negative, use il n'y a pas de.
You may substitute il y en a in answers where you wish to avoid repeating the noun
Expressing existence: Il y a
Salut Daniel! Ça va? (Hi Daniel, Everything all right?)
In everyday conversation, the most common way is to use a rising intonation (musical
pitch of voice)
Est-ce qu'il y a des Français dans la classe? (Are there any French people in the
class?)
Est-ce que followed by a statement
b.
Barbara et Denise sont amies, n'est-ce pas? (Barbara and Denise are friends, aren't
they?)
N'est-ce pas? When asking for confirmation of the statement.
c.
Three ways to ask questions
Est-ce un crayon? Comment allez-vous?
Inversion questions are more commonly used in writing than speaking
Y a-t-il un autre stylo?
When the subject is a pronoun it is joined to its verb by a hyphen, as well as when two vowel
sounds come together
Qui est-ce is used to ask about people
Qui est-ce que c'est is used to ask about things
Ce is a pronoun used to identify things or people
Asking Questions
Answer - il est... Heure(s)
Asking what time it is - quelle heure est-il?
For twelve o'clock noon, use midi
For twelve o'clock midnight, use minuit
Il est dix heures vingt. (It's 10:20)
Minutes after the hour, up to 30, are indicated after the hour
Half hour is et demi(e)
Il est cinq heures moins dix
Minutes before the hour are expressed with moins
Il est deux heures et quart
Il est onze heures moins le quart
The quarter hour is expressed with quart
Fractions of the hour
For a.m and p.m. Use du matin (morning), de l'après-midi (afternoon), et du soir (evening).
Telling Time: Quelle heure est-il?
J'ai -> I have
Tu as -> you have
Il/elle/on a -> he/she/it/one has
Nous avons -> we have
Vous avez -> you have
Ils/elles ont -> they have
Use the verb avoir to say what someone has
When a sentence with avoir is negative, the preposition de replaces UN, une,e or des.
Expressing possession: the verb avoir
Module Two
Thursday, January 14, 2016
1:14 PM
FR 151 Page 1
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