GEOG 202 Lec 6 THURS 27th sept.
What about the economy has
-->MOP : the way a society meets the needs and wants of its members
--> goals? what it means after?
---> The Goal: to meet the basic needs of society, to ensure an equitable
distribution of resources.
(An Egalitarian society- believes in equity, distributed equally even resources)
---> The Means - engaged in two activities, hunting & agriculture(gatherer). Then
produces an output and share it; the output sometimes can be from batered.
-->Hunting & Gathering
Direct function of the land resource, entire life is bound to the earth, producing
relatively small amounts. living with extend family, migration, areas to extract
goods from nature i.e berries.
-->current locations of hunters & gatherers:
i.e. north America, Natives; Africa- tribes; Australia -aboriginals. becoming more
modern, some are pure gatherers, others not.
--> Agriculture: Origins: 12,000 years ago, Neolithic revolution-> increased
ecological knowledge, climate change, improvements in technology (weapons=
more hunting), population growth? Started in Fertile Crescent, the birth of
agriculture; also some other key areas
1500 AD, practiced internationally
-->Types of activities:
1. shifting Cultivation (Slash & burn/ Swidden agriculture): slash it then burn it;
clearing it- multiple seeds into the ground& moving in diff locations
2. intensive subsistence- lots of labour input, e.g. rice; usually quite central.
Located only one location
3. pastoral nomadism- extreme conditions, food, clothing etc all taken from
those animals i.e. a herd ; Tibet is high nomadism; gov enforced to live in
communities, reduce their nomadism
--> approx 45% are still using agricultural activity, i.e. nomadism, shipping
--> 2. Feudal Mode
The origin: GEOG 202 Lec 6 THURS 27th sept.
• Collapse of the roman empire (753BC, flourished till 4th century due to
invasions, nearby tribes then lead to collapse)
• creation of kingdoms (large areas of land that needs to be governed and
• rise of feudalism 5-14th century (political system, provide governance
and protection for the kingdoms)
• creation of a Feudal Mop
--> the goal: to create a largely self sufficient society, whose members are
organised hierarchically and have mutual obligations
Top: Kings then down to Peasants (A rank society, people are divided up into
classes, distinguished by power & wealth) huge contrasts
king gives lord land, lord takes care of land and swears allegiance to the king so
--> THE MEANS
Peasants engage in two types of production: agriculture & craft production;
whose output is then redistributed
the peasants are always tied to the land! bound up with growing enough food for
own family but also for Lord and eventually to King
--> location of the feudal mode in western europe, up until the 18th and it began