12 September 2012
The Culture Industry
Major idea of the “Frankfurt School” (T.W. Adorno, M. Horkheimer, H. Marcuse, W. Benjamin)
Influence of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud
Products of the C.I. reassure provide escapism and reassure consumers that they understand
They become instruments of control and hegemony
Adorno & Horkheimer say that the solution would be for lower classed people should resign
themselves to Marxist “objective” ideology.
Popular and Everyday Culture
• Both are mass-produced and disseminated in modern “commodity culture”
• Are they instruments of “restraint” and hegemony (T.W. Adorno, J. Baudrillard)?
• Or do they give individuals the opportuni