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Who is German.docx

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University of Waterloo
GER 100
Paul Malone

26 September 2012 Who is German (Swiss/Austrian) now? Article 116: [Definition of “German” – Restoration of citizenship] 1. Unless otherwise provided by a law, a German within the meaning of this Basic Law is a person who possesses German citizenship or who has been admitted to the territory of the German Reich within the boundaries of 31 December 1937 as a refugee or expellee of German ethnic origin or as the spouse or descendant of such person. 2. Former German citizens, who between 30 January 1933 and 8 May 1945 were deprived of their citizenship on political, racial or religious grounds, and their descendants, shall on application have their citizenship restored. They shall be deemed never to have been deprived of their citizenship if they have established their domicile in Germany after 8 May 1945 and have not expressed a contrary intention. Definitions of Citizenship  Jus soli o Principle of birthright based on birthplace (soil)  Jus sanguinis o Principle of birthright based on descent (blood)  Jus domicili o Principle of birthright based on residence (domicile) - In 1913, many Jewish people were trying to get into Germany. - 1999, the law changed stating that people don’t have to be of German blood to be a citizen. Different Policies West Germany Switzerland  Huge need for foreign labour  They didn’t receive any $ from Marshall  Generous asylum laws (pre-1993) Plan, but donated into it  Generous social system  Huge need for foreign labour  Conservative asylum laws Austria  Social system relatively underdeveloped  Some need for foreign labour  Harsh asylum laws  Social system favours citizens Gastarbeiter/”Guest Workers”  Period of recruitment and influx: the original idea was to bring in people for 6 months and trade them out for new workers. o Businesses had a problem with it since they didn’t want to go through the effort of training new workers  West Germany 1955 – 1973/4  Austria 19
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