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Medieval Society.docx

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Course Code
HIST 110
Sebastian Siebel- Achenbach

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[Type text] Medieval Society [Type text] Towns  Urban centers disappeared after fall of Rome  Centers like Paris, London became small places o No security of food supply o No specialization of labor because of no food supply o Counts moved in tents  Centers with specialization because of Charlemagne  Early 11 , towns emerged significantly o Commerce helped towns emerge o Commerce saw luxury items from east into money o Only highest and wealthiest could afford silk o Spices in great demand: preservers of meat, gave uncommon flavor to food, those who could afford spices were distinct from those who could not  Italians benefited most from trade  Italian city states, particularly Venice, could trade across mediterreran sea o Venice was mediator between east/west in order to survive  Not run by a lord, run by individuals through cooperation’s  3 groups of people who lived in towns o Magistrates o Artisans: manufacturers o Workers: unskilled, low ranking in society  Cities were places where church authority was limited  Gave greater freedom  Church elders couldn’t exercise power as before  Towns evolved in cities became alternative life to medieval  Weren’t subject to same restrictions  Italian city states divided into 2 o Ghibelline: supporters of emperors o Guelph: supports of papacy  Towns had desire for education o Independently minded o Towns usually had monasteries close by, which had a school where they educated future priests o Had cathedral: benchmark which outlined strength of a town, bigger cathedral = wealthier town o Cathedral was resident of arch bishop o Cathedral created cathedral schools: education not limited to producing priests, provided education for secular leaders/figures, and into law, future administrators in state, those who influenced politics  Trivium: first level of education, logic, grammar, rhetoric  Quadrivium: next level up if passed previous, music, geometry, arithmetic, astronomy  Instthutions limited to 7 – 15 age  11 century controversy erupted regarding who had more power? Holy roman emperor or pope?
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