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Renaissance in Italy.docx

3 Pages

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HIST 110
Sebastian Siebel- Achenbach

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HIST 110 RENAISSANCE IN ITALY MONDAY. NOV 5 Great Schism (1378-1417)  3 popes  Each having legitimacy, been appointed by consul  Italian popes favored Italians etc. th  Martin 5 accepted as pope in 1417  Weaken the church: how could god wish this upon earth?  Church’s authority questioned Black Death Why is god punishing us that a 1/3 of Europe had to die? No real answer.  Leads to Renaissance John Wycliffe (1330-1384)  Scholar who studied at Oxford  Went into original text of bible and attempted to determine how much church’s orthodox could be supported by scripture  Had radical ideas  Individuals could administer sacraments, didn’t need to be priests because god didn’t recognize status but goodness of souls  Pope held no direct authority over spiritual matters, but was figure head in institutions  Would have been called a heretic, but had educated, respected supporters  When died, lived on by Jan Hus Jan Hus (1372-1415)  Czech theologian  Agreed with Wycliffe’s ideas  Rejected one of Wycliffe’s ideas:  Recognized oppression of Czechs  Hussites movement  In 1415 asked to explain his position at council of Constance, believed he could express himself b/c had supporters, was wrong  Tried, and convicted at stake William of Ockham (1285-1349)  A monk  Spiritualist  He followed Christian creed that preached poverty, not luxury  Excommunicated, like a death sentence for monks  In politics, thought authority did not rest with king/pope, but in the people, and people had right to determine what form of government they’d be govern under (hinted at democracy)  Authority rested in councils: comprised in many members of Christian communities, had solutions that benefited all of Christian communities, would result in longevity  Challenged Thomas Aquinas (who in early 14 century the most renowned intellectual) o Aquinas tried to combine Christian & Aristotle o Nominalism argued logic used to create Aquinas theory was faulty and random, foundation had no proof o Need experiments and observations, that’s when you can create foundation of principles, factually based: hints at scientific method HIST 110 RENAISSANCE IN ITALY MONDAY. NOV 5  Known for supporting Supremacy of council No specific date of end of Medieval & beginning of Renaissance  No single event indicating shift Franceso Petrarca (1304 – 1374)  Italian poet who found inspiration in antiquity without theology  Believed living in new age reborn from Ancient Rome  Renaissance – re birth Humanists – centrality of ancient texts and knowledge  Study of man, here & now, study of present using works of antiquity  Humanists incorporated Greek texts  World of ancient Greeks became more widely know  When constatipole f
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