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The West Civilization.docx

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University of Waterloo
HIST 110
Sebastian Siebel- Achenbach

History: LEC #1 THE WEST/CIVILIZATION Monday, September 10, 2012 Introduction and Beginnings of Civilization  Western characteristics: individualism, secularism, dynamism  Palaellitici period (before 10,000 BC)  Neolithic period (from 10,000 – 8,000 BC)  Hieroglyphics – picture form  Cuneiform – wedge shaped symbols  Patriarchal/ Matriarchal  Matrilocal West: The culture/civilization that emerged from the west over a period of centuries 3 features that define what is western  individuals  (not religious) secular in spirit: a system of political/social philosophy that rejects all forms of religious faith/worshipping  dynamism, dynamic, westerns welcome change, do not like stable/continuous society, change is beneficial, power ultimately resides in people (individuals) democracy, power is divided/balanced, laws/common law, independent press/media voice for opinions, economic competition market mechanism, pricing/allocation of resources, most precious resource is capital, materialistic views, physical goods influential, status given by materialistic possession, we value people who have high income, the world is a rational place, science is important because it’s a tool we use to understand the universe, metaphysical/religion/spiritual not very important as a society, we can improve/develop = optimistic view What is civilization? a structure/society where people aren’t only considered about survival, people can think beyond mere survival, can devote tasks not related to survivial, seperates men from primitive men (10
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