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L2 - Mesopotamian Civilization.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 110
Professor
David Schweitzer
Semester
Fall

Description
Mesopotamian Civilization Geography and Climate •geography •environmental problems •flooding •salinization Stages of Development of Mesopotamian Civilization •Sumer (4000 – 2300 B.C.E.) –Valley of Sumer (Shinar) –city-states –Gilgamesh poem •Akkad (2400-2200) –Semitic language –King Sargon –dau. Enheduanna - world‟s first author Stages of Development of Mesopotamian Civilization •Amor (2000 – 1550 B.C.E.) –capital at Babylon –the „Hanging Gardens‟ Stages of Development of Mesopotamian Civilization •Hittites and Kassites (1600 – 1000 B.C.E.) –Hittite raiders from Asia Minor (1595 B.C.E.) –left Mespotamia to Kassites •Assyrians (1100 – 612) –warrior society •Chaldeans (612-538) –„New Babylonians‟ –King Nebuchadnezzar Stages of Development of Mesopotamian Civilization •The Persians –Cyrus conquered the Chaldeans, 538 B.C.E. –Cambyses conquered Egypt, 525 –Darius the Great extended the empire from Mediterranean to the Indus Valley –Xerxes failed to conquer the Greeks, 479 Stages of Development of Mesopotamian Civilization Political and Social History •the Sumerian Paradigm –confederation of city-states •Akkadian progress –Sargon, King of a “universal dominion” •Babylonian Empire –Amorite influence –King Hammurabi‟s Code of Justice •unequal •retribution (lex talonis: „eye for an eye‟) •semi-private Government •Kings reigned through city-state
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