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HIST 110
David Schweitzer

Day 2 A History of the Western World I Lecture I: The Beginning Ancient history: History and Prehistory Prehistory o Period before the discovery of writing C. 3500 B.C.E in Ancient Mesopotamia. o Archaeological and Anthropological Evidence The appearance of Man: Human Evolution o The Pongid (ape-like) and Hominid (man-like) split. Roughly 6-8 million years ago o Homo Sapiens, the thinking man appeared roughly 4 million years ago o Fossils of Australopithecus Afarensis (southern ape man). It stood upright o It is the ancestor of Modern man The First Humans o Richard Leaky found LUCY in Kenya (1872), aged 2 million years ago o Homo habilis (“handy person”) o Homo erectus 1.5 million years ago From Nature to History o 4 ice ages happened, Homo sapiens appears at end of last ice age o Cro-Magonon man (France) o Neanderthal Man (Germany) Spread of Homo Sapiens Old and New Paleolithic Ages - Paleolithic Age (Old Stone Age) o From 2 million B.C.E to 10,000 B.C.E o Early Paleolithic peoples foraged, hunted and gathered o Led to living in small groups, 20-50 people - Later Paleolithic Age o 30k BCE to 10k BCE, used new tools, more complicated, tools advanced o Used caves as shelter o Naturalistic Cave Paintings/drawings The Neolithic Age - Agricultural Revolution o Animals became domesticated (10K BCE – 6k BCE) animals adapted for human use, DOG o Grasses were cultivated (farmed) Wheat/barley - Economic and Social Character o Increased population, more food o Children become useful as
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