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HIST 111 (45)


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HIST 111
Troy Osborne

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Enlightenment-Jan 24 1. Characteristics of Enlightenment a. Reason: use of applying reason to everything; considered to be universal and to improve the world b. Natural law: look to nature for authority and therefore be freed from the Bible. Seek to control nature as well. c. Toleration d. Most importantly: optimism and change; freed from the Ancients e. Reform and Progress: e.g. speeding process of Enlightened government 2. People and Institutions a. Coffee shops: small fee to get in b. Libraries: revolutionary-greater access to learning material (anyone could walk in for free) c. Masonic lodges: theoretically, here, social background doesn’t matter (e.g. all considered to be of equal social class) i. Unlike the Scientific Revolutions, where only elites were involved, there is a general thirst for knowledge d. Salon (room in a private house): traditionally hosted by women; represent a shift of where things happen-a public sphere of life separate from court life e. Republic of Letters i. Enlightenment is an international phenomenon ii. People writing letters around the globe thinking that they are part of a new country called the “Republic of Letters” governed by reason, women and good manners iii. Don’t need absolute government f. Encyclopedie-Denis Diderot (1713-1784) i. Knowledge to sh
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