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The Battle of Sumter Fort.docx

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HIST 191
Julia Roberts

HIST 191 THE BATTLE OF FORT SUMTER MON. OCTOBER 15 APRIL 12-13 1861 - event that trigger outbreak of fighting in the Civil War - Fort Sumter located in “Charleston Harbor” THE SPARK  Abraham Lincoln’s presidential victory in November 1860 o Saw his victory as victory for democracy o His victory; America split in 2: northern of the union, southern of the confederation o Section tension/differences had been long time in making, product of hundreds of years of evolution overtime o 1860’s South; urban centers, small farms, more rural society o Cotton was very profitable o Northern purchased southerner goods (tobacco), 2 economic systems peacefully co- existed and benefited from each other o Rapid growth of territories in US created friction over 2 sections where they going to be slave territories? Or what northern vision [labor] o As both clashed, compromised delayed war for years o Clashed of system reached boiling point with election of Lincoln o By 1860: USA falling apart th  Succession vote of South Carolina on Dec. 25 [separate from US] o South Carolinian’s felt succession was necessary o President at the time did nothing to solve crisis of South Carolina o Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Texas, Georgia, Louisiana, Virginia, Tennessee succeeded as well  Formed the “The Confederate States of America [CSA]” Feb. 1861  Drafted own constitution, made abolition of slavery impossible  President of CSA supported succession, felt they had no other choice  Entire section of America broken off  Fort Sumter on tiny island, thick brick walls on Charleston Harbor, Charleston, South Carolina  December 26, 1860: Major Robert Anderson, United States army o Quietly transfers military personnel +families from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter o Fort Moultrie was weak o Fort became symbol of advocates of succession vs. those loyal to union o Ordered by governor of South Carolina to give up to Southerners  Captain Abner Doubleday, abolitionist, Army officer o Witnessed events of April 1861 12-13 o Believed slavery was immoral, needed to be abolished, clashed with teachings of bible o Traveled to Fort Sumter to negotiate surrender of the Fort o Soldiers at Fort Sumter surrendered on 13 April o Civil war was approaching; both sections believed they’d be victorious/would be short  Opening shots of the civil war in Fort Sumter, Americas bloodi
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