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Lecture

HIST191 Lecture Notes - New Economy, Boiling Point, Fort Moultrie


Department
History
Course Code
HIST191
Professor
Julia Roberts

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HIST 191 THE BATTLE OF FORT SUMTER MON. OCTOBER 15
APRIL 12-13 1861
- event that trigger outbreak of fighting in the Civil War
- Fort Sumter located in “Charleston Harbor”
THE SPARK
Abraham Lincoln’s presidential victory in November 1860
o Saw his victory as victory for democracy
o His victory; America split in 2: northern of the union, southern of the confederation
o Section tension/differences had been long time in making, product of hundreds of years
of evolution overtime
o 1860’s South; urban centers, small farms, more rural society
o Cotton was very profitable
o Northern purchased southerner goods (tobacco), 2 economic systems peacefully co-
existed and benefited from each other
o Rapid growth of territories in US created friction over 2 sections where they going to
be slave territories? Or what northern vision [labor]
o As both clashed, compromised delayed war for years
o Clashed of system reached boiling point with election of Lincoln
o By 1860: USA falling apart
Succession vote of South Carolina on Dec. 25th [separate from US]
o South Carolinian’s felt succession was necessary
o President at the time did nothing to solve crisis of South Carolina
o Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Texas, Georgia, Louisiana, Virginia, Tennessee succeeded
as well
Formed the “The Confederate States of America [CSA]” Feb. 1861
Drafted own constitution, made abolition of slavery impossible
President of CSA supported succession, felt they had no other choice
Entire section of America broken off
Fort Sumter on tiny island, thick brick walls on Charleston Harbor, Charleston, South Carolina
December 26, 1860: Major Robert Anderson, United States army
o Quietly transfers military personnel +families from Fort Moultrie to Fort Sumter
o Fort Moultrie was weak
o Fort became symbol of advocates of succession vs. those loyal to union
o Ordered by governor of South Carolina to give up to Southerners
Captain Abner Doubleday, abolitionist, Army officer
o Witnessed events of April 1861 12-13
o Believed slavery was immoral, needed to be abolished, clashed with teachings of bible
o Traveled to Fort Sumter to negotiate surrender of the Fort
o Soldiers at Fort Sumter surrendered on 13th April
o Civil war was approaching; both sections believed they’d be victorious/would be short
Opening shots of the civil war in Fort Sumter, Americas bloodiest conflict and birth to Modern
America
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