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Lecture 12

Lecture 12 - Spectators of Sport.docx

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HIST 205
David Schweitzer

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Lecture 12 – Spectators of Sport The Audience for Sport Sport as social narcotic  1960s “counterculture” o A tool of militarism, physical violence, sexism, racism and world capitalism o Spectator violence  Is this view too simple? o Early sport audiences o Debate over nature and appropriate behaviour of sport fans o Changing audiences, changing standards  Professionalism  Class, ethnic, religious or interurban rivalries Civilizing Spectators th  Some 19 century audiences were unruly o E.g., the theater  Discipline spectators o Social reformers though discipline should be imposed on spectators  Imposing order o Players o Referee or umpire or judges (law and order) The “Lady” Fan  Female fans seen relatively rarely  With male escort, usually in grandstand away from working-class spectators o Question of reputation o Businessmen wanted sports venues to attract women  Admitted to sporting venues etc. free of charge  Ladies day o Gradual change after 1900 Sporting consumers and the cult of the hero  Consumption economies  Depression years, popular culture, mass leisure o Daily press, radio broadcasts  US influencing Canadian culture o American economic influence increased o American baseball heroes  George Herman “Babe” Ruth Fans behaving and misbehaving  Word fan from “fanatic” from Latin word fanum  North America fans change after 1960s and 70s o General lack of civility in North American society o Fans became more aggressive, or did they? What does the past have to tell us?  Baseball o 1907 – Ban Johnson, (president American League) promised to end rowdiness o 1915 – Angry mod laid siege to Boston clubhouse o 1934 – World Series, Joseph Medwick pelted with garbage by Detroit Tigers fans Stadium security
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