Creating a Nation
Referred to as Small “R” republicanism – not the party; the pervasive ideology
Government should be based on the consent of the people
Precept: for a republic to survive: rest on character of people
Virtue – public value
Lacking virtue = doomed to fail
Free of corruption
Had to owe your labor to nobody else s
laves could not be independent.
Wage laborer was dependent
Society of free labors – mainly small farmers who worked the land they owned
Men – women are dependent, as are slaves.
Pillars of virtuous republic – can be entrusted with the duty to vote
No one held anything over them
Accepted by vast majority
Strains of ideology:
Held by those who looked towards political theory and ancient history for models of the modern republic. Ancient
history suggested that republics could only survive if they were small in size and homogenous in their population
Grew too big they split into factions and lost cohesion
Virtue of its citizenry
Virtuous man acted in interest of his nation, put himself aside – always act for the good of the country
Based on merit – ensure virtue Adam Smith – society filled with individuals persuing their own self interests was a good thing. As each person follows
their self interest, the nation stood to benefit.
Virtue: still a vital component
Movement for reform – vital for republic.
Rise of education – had public purpose: need a good education to be a good citizen.
Change in who was eligible for schooling – women’s education