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HIST 277 (11)

Public Order and Legal Institutions

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University of Waterloo
HIST 277
Catherine Briggs

Wednesday, September 25, 2013 Monday, September 30, 2013 Lecture 3 Public Order and Legal Institutions – 1800s Ideas about Crime and Criminals - Ideas change over the 19 century due to: o Urbanization and industrialization  Increase in poverty and social problems  Break down of traditional means of social regulation  Massive immigration (from Britain, Ireland, Scotland) o Increase in crime and “moral” offences” - British “Poor Law” tradition o Sense of moral obligation to the poor (in Christian societies) o Provides for the basis for personal salvation - Growth of Christian aid Groups – social gospel o Charitable organizations forming without the law o Early 1800s, people not only can help their fellow man, but they can help in ways of solutions to social problems/poverties - Reform movement o Dedicated to reforming society and individuals - Change in philosophy of criminal justice system o From deterrence and public shame to reform of the individual - Development of jails and police services Social Disorder in Early 1800s - Signs of social disorder in early 1800s o Increase in arrest for public order and morality crimes – drunkenness, prostitution, vagrancy (being homeless) – removing those who don’t contribute to social order and cause discrepancy in that order o Infrastructure development (canals, railways – brings in large numbers of seasonal/temporary workers to build them; they have no connection to the city and cause social disorder) o Large influence of famine Irish (crop failure, 1845-1847 – arriving in poor physical health, and pretty poor conditions upon arrival; desperately looking for employment) o Urban growth (1830-1850) o Increase in property crimes (crimes of desperation), crimes against people (tend to grow during good economic times) - Result of less tolerance for “piebeian culture”? o More people violating social rules o As society becomes more concerns with breakdowns, more convictions and charges laid down - High proportion of Irish arrested o More likely to get charged – more drawn to criminality and vagrancy because of their desperation o Catholic Irish entering a highly protestant society - Result of breakdown of traditional society Wednesday, September 25, 2013 Monday, September 30, 2013 Lecture 3 Public Order and Crime - Public order and crimes in early 1800s o Greater tolerance for immorality and rowdyism? - Social anxiety about public order increases by 1840 o Going to lead to interesting new response to social regulation o Increase in use
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