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Lecture 7

Lecture 7 - Race, Gendre, and the Civil War Excellent written and detailed note based on lecture 7 of the course!!! Note goes into great detail about major topics and is very well explained!!!!!


Department
History
Course Code
HIST315
Professor
Andrew Hunt
Lecture
7

Page:
of 2
HIST110 Jan 26, 2011
Lecture 7: Race, Gender, and the Civil War
I. African Americans & the War
Slaves, Free Blacks & the meaning of the Civil War.
For African Americans, the Civil War was a titanic struggle, touched all African
Americans.
Slaves saw God was a force to allow passage to the promise land through the Civil
War.
However, many Northern states did not allow blacks to vote and exercise their full
rights.
African Americans became extremely patriotic, as numerous African Americans
volunteered in the Union Army.
The War department issued a letter of rejection to the black slaves.
The struggle to create African American regiments, 1861-1862.
Lincoln feared the Northern States would be against him, therefore, it was hard to
create African American Regiments.
However, African Americans were allowed to join the Navy.
“Ten thousand strong…” African Americans in the United States Navy during the
Civil War, 1861-1865.
Lincoln was having a change of heart on slavery: Allowed black forces to join the
Union Army (early 1863). Lincoln’s thinking had shifted.
Slowly, about half of the union army supported emancipation, and a growing
number of white soldiers were going through this transformation.
II. The “Colored Regiments
Robert Fitzgerald: From Pennsylvania wanted to fight for the Union.
However, was rejected time after time.
He eventually served in the US Navy.
After the proclamation, Fitzgerald received word that in Massachusetts was
organizing an all black Cavalry in charge of white officers.
In January 1863, the United States War Department established bureau of Colored
Troops.
Most black soldiers were ex-slaves.
HIST110 Jan 26, 2011
At least 37,000 blacks were killed fighting for the Union.
The Massachusetts 54th Volunteer Infantry: Frederick Douglass met with Andrew
(governor of Massachusetts) and created the first African American Regiment.
The Blacks were commanded by Shaw (Harvard educated officer who’s parents
were abolitionists from Boston).
Most soldiers of the 54th were Northern Blacks, had professions, could read and
write, etc. Very few were runaway slaves.
Eli Biddle joins the Massachusetts 54th at age 16 (barely turned 17) in 1863: He was
enrolled at a Quaker school. The school expelled Biddle because he would not sing
the song, and eventually joined the 54th.