Lecture 9 - The Hard Hands of War Excellent written note that goes into detail about many topics covered such as the Gettysburg address!!!! Very well written and summarized!!!

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Published on 16 Oct 2011
School
University of Waterloo
Department
History
Course
HIST315
Professor
HIST120 Feb 4 2011
Lecture 9: 1864-65: The Hard Hand of War
I. The Gettysburg Address
The tide turns: The North captured Gettysburg and Vicksburg, and Lee retreated to
the South and never again would attack the North.
The South lost a lot. Their morale was low because they lost the Mississippi and
didn’t have much left to fight for.
For the remainder, the South went back to Camp life.
In the North, war production increased, forces mobilized, cities were thriving.
A time to heal: Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address (November 19, 1863).
Short Address; Lincoln viewed it is a failure; and so did Britain.
II. Total War
1864, was an incredibly painful, violent, and worst part of the civil war.
The Mastermind behind total war: William Tecumseh Sherman (1820 1891).
Went to WestPoint, served in Mexican War, then took a profession in banking.
The bank collapsed in 1857, and worked as an attorney in Kansas.
Befriended slave owners and was very much a friend to Southerners, however,
stayed loyal to the United States Union.
Officer at battle of Shiloh and eventually advanced to General at Chattanooga
Tennessee.
Very conservative on racial matters and opposed Lincoln’s emancipation
proclamation and opposed letting African Americans serving in the army.
He was brilliant military strategist, and embraced new theory called “total war”.
You have to call to extreme measures in order for it to end. In war civil moral and
economic growth is just as important as military and the targets should be civilian
targets. He argued that there was need to devastate the entire South to make
civilians feel horrible anguish of war. Only then could the war end.
Grant (commander General of the Union Army) appointed Sherman to be leader
in the West, and put his theory of total war to work.
III. Bloodbath in Virginia
Grant overhauls the Union Army in the Spring & Summer of 1864, centralizing
authority & preparing for non-stop warfare.
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Document Summary

Lecture 9: 1864-65: the hard hand of war: the gettysburg address. The tide turns: the north captured gettysburg and vicksburg, and lee retreated to the south and never again would attack the north. Their morale was low because they lost the mississippi and didn"t have much left to fight for. For the remainder, the south went back to camp life. In the north, war production increased, forces mobilized, cities were thriving. A time to heal: lincoln delivers the gettysburg address (november 19, 1863). Short address; lincoln viewed it is a failure; and so did britain. 1864, was an incredibly painful, violent, and worst part of the civil war. The mastermind behind total war: william tecumseh sherman (1820 1891). Went to westpoint, served in mexican war, then took a profession in banking. The bank collapsed in 1857, and worked as an attorney in kansas.