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Lecture 10

Lecture 10 - The Impact of the War Excellent notes on the end of the civil war. Very detailed and elaborate!!!


Department
History
Course Code
HIST315
Professor
Andrew Hunt
Lecture
10

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HIST120 Feb 7 2011
Lecture 10 The Impact of the War: Becoming a Nation
I. The Assassination of Lincoln
The Strange Dream of Abraham Lincoln, early April 1865.
Tragedy on Good Friday: John Wilkes Booth murders President Lincoln at Ford’s
theatre (April 14, 1865).
Lincoln was pronounced dead the following morning, after Booth shot him with a
Beranger pistol.
A time of mourning: The days after Abraham Lincoln’s assassination.
Train reaches Springfield, Illinois, and is buried at a cemetery.
II. Presidential Reconstruction
The South after the Civil War: “a melancholy sight…”
South was destroyed: animals lying in pits, cities destroyed, and farms burned
down, earth was blackened, and stench from dead animals lay in ruins.
Demanding job was to figure out how to reconstruct the ruined South of the United
States to once again become a unified nation.
South’s revival would take time: Putting railroads back, fixing broken bridges, and
slavery, an economic institution had been destroyed, what was going to replace it?
Slaves continued to work on the land, dealt with their freedom in different ways,
some were furious and confronts their owners full of anger.
Most slaves were restraint with violence against their former owners.
Early reconstruction schemes under Lincoln (1863 1865).
1) Amnesty for Confederates: All except high ranked Union officers, would welcome
back as citizens of the Republic.
2) The 10 Percent Plan: The 10% who stayed loyal could organize a state
government and be part of the restoration of the Union (Arkansas, Louisiana, and
Tennessee).
The first of the three slave amendments: Congress approves the 13th Amendment of
the Constitution, which made slavery illegal, on January 31, 1865.
The Man from Tennessee: President Andrew Johnson (1808 1875) & the limits of
Presidential Reconstruction; only senator to remain loyal to the Union when other
Southern States were succeeding.
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