HLTH101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Genital Wart, Pelvic Pain, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

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HLTH 101 – Week Twelve Notes
What are the 7 STIs discussed in class that pose as major health threats?
-Chlamydia
-Gonorrhea
-Syphilis
-Human papillomavirus (HPV)
-Genital herpes (HSV 1 & HSV 2)
-HIV/AIDS
-Hepatitis B (HBV)
Why are these diseases considered to be major threats?
-Relatively high incidence among Canadians
-Cause serious health issues
-Pose risks to fetus or newborn
-Major complications if left untreated
oChronic pain
oInfertility
oStillbirths
oGenital cancers
oDeath
-Problem is people are too embarrassed to get tested, then wait to long and
end up infecting others
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What are the 2 types of STIs and which comprise each?
1. Bacterial: Chlamydia, Gonhorrea, Syphilis
2. Viral: HPV, Genital herpes (HSV 1 and 2), HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B
What are the 3 major STIs that this course focuses on?
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1. Chlamydia: Most common bacterial STI among young Canadians
oAlso Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): common complication among
women with chlamydia
2. HPV: Most common viral STI among young Canadians
oExample of a virus that can cause cancer
oVaccination available
3. HIV/AIDS: Highly prevalent STI worldwide
What exactly is Chlamydia (statistics, characteristics, features)?
-Most prevalent bacterial STI in Canada
-Highest rates of infection occur in single people between ages 15-24
-Highest rates in Nunavut, the Northwest Territories, and Yukon
-Can be asymptomatic* (appears as though there are no symptoms)
-Women are at risk for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility if
bacteria moves up pelvic tract
-Men may experience epididymitis or urethritis
-Infants can acquire infection from mothers - eye ailments or pneumonia as a
result
-Problem is once you are treated, you may eradicate bacteria, but if partner
has it, you can still be infected numerous times
What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?
-A major complication in 10%-40% of women who have been infected with
either gonorrhea or chlamydia and have not received adequate treatment.
-Infection travels up vagina, beyond the cervix into the uterus, oviducts (like
gateway to pelvis), ovaries, and pelvic cavity.
-May lead to future infections, ectopic pregnancy (blockage in oviduct so
fertilized egg cannot get through and may just cause the pregnancy to occur
there – v dangerous), infertility, and chronic pelvic pain.
-Women under age 25 are more likely than older women to develop infection,
especially if they have multiple partners, smoke, or use IUDS.
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