Class Notes (836,517)
Canada (509,851)
INTST 101 (44)

Chapter 11 in class lecture notes

2 Pages
Unlock Document

International Studies
Brian Orend

Lecture 11 - Chapter 11 November 27, 2013 7:23 PM International Aid & Development Aid Short-term Humanitarian help Free gift Goods and services Alleviatesome short-term crisis Ex: Philippineshurricane/Haiti earthquake Rescue: immediate Get the country back on its feet Development Long-term process Improve the country in a clear, sustainable way Better, richer, more sophisticated A contested concept Free/gifts/loans/investments/ Complex mixture of tools Quantitative vs. Qualitative Quantitative measure of development GDP per capita How rich Measured Objective/agreement Issues: High income =/= high level of development Democracy Public health Education Low crime rate Inclusion Qualitative measure of development UNDP (UN Development Program) Invented Human Development Index (HDI) Includes: GDP / capita Democratic Tech advanced Public health stats 42 different criteria in total Education level USA not on top 10 list for highest HDI Literacy, highest degrees achieved Gender equality Minority group equality High income does not guarantee development Sources of Aid and development Private Investments by MNC Remittances Immigrants sending money back home from foreign countries Public Government National: CIDA, USAID International: OECD and UNDP Only 30 counties are donors Largest: 15% of world's population government (official aid) Since the WW2, USA has always been the one that givesthe most aid Foreign direct investment 150 countries 85% of the world population need aid Personal remittances Better measurement: % of national wealth American is now at the bottom Canada is at the top, gives the most percentage of its wealth Problems with giving aid: Scandinavian is also good Aid not enough OECD 1990 Aid used for political reasons/self-interest 0.9% of GDP per year target Why is China on the list? Still pockets of poverty in remote areas Being sucked up by other countries Three Waves of Development First Wave 1945-1975 (Cold War) Effected by cold war politics Top-down, state-centric Successes of government to government transfers Huge projects Roads, irrigation, bridges Reconstruction of Japan and Germany Problems: Military transfers counted as Economic Development Ex: US -> missile-> Egypt (for military alliance) Weapon just sits there or using it to destroy stuff How is that development? Tied Aid Donor gives to Recipient BUT says they can only spend the money in donor country Giving with the left hand and taking it back with the right INTST101 Page 1 Giving with the left hand and taking it back with the right Selfish motives, military-industrialcomplex Spent most money on white elephant projects Massive Corruption Donor -> cash -> Recipient Huge show but no development impact Elites skim some for themselves Ex: Moloutu dictator of Zaire (now Congo) No increase in GDP of recipient societies Second Wave (1975-1995-ish) Structural adjustment program (SAP) 1975 -> Donors: 2 problems Co
More Less

Related notes for INTST 101

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.