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Lecture 7

KIN346 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Peripheral Neuropathy, Gluconeogenesis, Starch


Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
KIN346
Professor
Danny M Pinicero
Lecture
7

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LECTURE - CARBOHYDRATES
WHAT IS A CARBOHYDRATE?
Is a “hydrate of carbon”
Manufactured by plants
Ex: making a glucose molecule
Types of dietary carbohydrates:
1) Sugars
2) Starch
3) Fibre
SUGARS (Simple carbohydrates)
Monosaccharides: simplest form of CHO
Contains 3 to 9 carbon atoms
Disaccharides: sucrose, lactose, maltose
Sugar alcohols
Derived from monosaccharides
Used as a sweetener (sorbitol made from glucose)….sweetens “sugarless” gum
KIN 346 – Human Nutrition
D.M. Pincivero, Fall 2016
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Storage form of glucose
Animals: glycogen
Plants: starch (amylopectin and amylose) & fibre
FIBRE
Non-digestible carbohydrates (in plants)
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KIN 346 – Human Nutrition
D.M. Pincivero, Fall 2016
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