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11-Restorative Justice.docx

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University of Waterloo
Legal Studies
LS 202
Frances Chapman

LS 102 Restorative Justice MARCH 7 What is Restorative Justice? - A holistic approach to wrongdoing, harm reduction practice - Offender must admit their offence and hear how it affected others - Can involve the family and friends of the offender and the victim - Victim is empowered through-out the process - Leads to the reintegration of the offender [main difference because offenders are usually sent to prison (which taxpayers pay for)] changing them to be better - Addresses social, psychological, and relational injuries Why Use Restorative Justice? - S. 718 of the Criminal Code states all methods of discipline should be considered for offenders - Opportunities to apply restorative justice processes to criminal cases Adversial System (To contrast) - Focus is on breaking a rule then receiving a consequence - Little consideration of relationships - Punishment viewed as effective to alter behavior - Victims and community peripheral of the process Restorative Justice (Relationship based) - Offence is viewed as affecting a relationship and the community - Punishment alone is not effective in changing behavior, accountability is established by repairing harm - Build offender skills [ie. Emotional intelligence] - Victims supported heavily - Victims are centra
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