Class Notes (836,580)
Canada (509,856)
Music (194)
MUSIC 140 (143)
Simon Wood (143)
Lecture

Lecture 1 of 12 - SlaveTrade_ACapella_AfricanRententions_SpiritualGospel.pdf

4 Pages
112 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 140
Professor
Simon Wood
Semester
Summer

Description
United  States:   Integration  of  European  and  African-­‐American  culture     Tennessee   -­‐ Sun  Records   o Sam  Phillips  (White  guy)   § Early  1950s,  Sam  said  “If  I  can  find  a  white  man  who  sand  like  a   black  man,  I  would  make  a  million  dollars”   o Marion  Keisker   § Secretary  to  Sam  Phillips   o May  1954  -­‐>  called  up  Elvis   Pre-­‐cursors   -­‐ The  question  is  not  why  Elvis,  but  why  1954?   o Chuck  Berry   o 1940s   o 1930s  (early  Jazz)   o Blues   o 1890s     North  American  Slave  Trade  (1619-­‐1863)   -­‐ Ended  when  Lincoln  signed  the  Emancipation  Proclamation  (Jan  1 ,  1863)   st o Legally  abolished  slavery   o However,  did  not  free  slaves  in  border  states  nor  make  slavery  illegal   -­‐ Slavery  totally  abolished  in  1865  with  the  13  constitutional  amendment.     Civil  War  (1861-­‐1865)   -­‐ War  was  about  slavery   -­‐ Between  the  “free  states”  of  the  north  and  the  “slave  states”  of  the  south   o Northern  states  -­‐>  wants  to  abolish  slavery   o Southern  states  -­‐>  did  not  want  to  abolish  slavery   § Mississippi   § Alabama   -­‐ Ended  when  slavery  was  totally  abolished     Treatment  of  Slaves   -­‐ Differences  in  North  and  South  American  based  on  religion   -­‐ African  retentions  more  obvious  in  South  American  music   -­‐ Possessions   -­‐ Early  music  is  all  vocal  (A  Cappella)     Mediterranean  Sea   -­‐ First  time  large  number  of  blacks  and  whites  meet   -­‐ 4  main  colonial  powers  (Spain,  France,  Portugal  and  England)   o Spain  and  France   § Central  American  and  Caribbean   o Spain  and  Portugal   § South  America  divided  between     -­‐ War  between  France  and  England     Imported  slaves  from  West  Africa     Spain,  Portugal  and  France   -­‐ Catholic   -­‐ Did  not  care  about  souls  of  slaves   o As  long  as  slaves  did  their  work  the  slaves  were  allowed  to  take  part   in  American  traditions  (ex.  Music,  dancing)   § Famous  location  in  New  Orleans  called  Congo  Square   England   -­‐ Protestant   -­‐ Wanted  to  save  the  souls  of  the  slaves     A  Cappella     SONG  –  Work  Song  –  Old  Alabama  (1947)   -­‐ Not  slaves  singing  since  technology  did  not  exist  during  the  time  of  the  slaves   o Recording  of  a  chain  gang  in  1947   § 80  years  after  slavery  ended   § Recording  technology  came  around  in  1877   § People  started  recording  in  the  early  1900s   -­‐ Group  of  men  trying  to  entertain  themselves  while  working   o Helping  deal  with  boredom  and  pass  time/set  pace,  coordinate  work   -­‐ Song  leader   o Good  song  leader  knows  hundreds/thousands  of  bits  of  songs   -­‐ “Floating  pool  of  verse”  –  collection  of  bits  and  pieces   o Property  of  whole  community   -­‐ Charles  Dickens   o Booked  called  White  Christmas   § Based  on  writings  people  rec
More Less

Related notes for MUSIC 140

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit