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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 of 12 - GoldenAgeOfRnR_TheGreatExtinction_TheInBetweenYears_Payola_DickClark_AmericanBandstand_Magnetophon.pdf

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Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 140
Professor
Simon Wood
Semester
Summer

Description
1954-­‐1958/1959  –  Golden  Age  of  Rock  ‘n  Roll   -­‐ Elvis  Presley   -­‐ Chuck  Berry     The  Great  Extinction   -­‐ October  1957  –  Little  Richard  quits  rock  ‘n  roll  and  enters  Bible  College   -­‐ March  1958  –  Elvis  gets  drafted  to  the  army   -­‐ May  1958  –  Jerry  Lee  Lewis’s  marriage  to  14-­‐year-­‐old  cousin  becomes  public   -­‐ Feb  1959  –  Buddy  Holly  (from  The  Crickets)  dies  in  plane  crash   o Along  with  Ritchie  Valens  and  “The  Big  Bopper”  (JP  Richardson)   -­‐ Dec  1959  –  Chuck  Berry  gets  arrested  under  the  “Mann  Act”   o 3  years  in  prison  for  transporting  a  14-­‐year-­‐old  girl  across  state  lines     1959-­‐1963  –  The  In-­‐Between  Years   -­‐ From  the  end  of  the  “Golden  Age”  of  Rock  ‘n  Roll  (1958/1959)   -­‐ To  the  arrival  of  The  Beatles  (Feb  1964)     Characterized  by:   -­‐ The  return  of  TPA  based  musical  production   -­‐ Changes  in  technology   -­‐ Reaction  against  the  perceived  integration  of  youth   -­‐ Birth  of  rock  ‘n  roll  coincides  with  emergence  of  Civil  Rights  Movement   o May  1954  –  Brown  vs.  The  Board  of  Education   § Schools  are  supposed  to  be  separate  and  equal  but  are  not   • They  must  integrate!   • White  schools   o Better  education   o Better  teachers   o Better  equipment   • Black  people  are  getting  a  second  class  education   o Dec  1955  –  Rosa  Parks  and  the  Montgomery  Bus  Boycott   § Martin  Luther  King,  Jr.  was  at  the  small  church  Rosa  went  to   • Promoted  non-­‐violent  and  respectful  protest   § Freedom  Riders   • Freedom  Riders  were  a  group  of  whites  and  blacks  that   would  ride  on  the  same  bus  across  interstates  through   the  southern  states  to  test  the  law   o  Were  severely  beaten  in  many  cases   § Lunch  counter  sit-­‐ins   • Lunch  counter  sit-­‐ins  were  groups  of  students  going  to  a   lunch  counter  and  ask  to  be  served.   • If  they  were,  they’d  move  on  to  the  next  lunch  counter   • If  not,  they  would  not  move  until  they  are   o If  they  got  arrested,  a  new  group  takes  their  spot     Majors  attempt  to  reassert  control  over  popular  music   -­‐ Put  music  making  back  into  the  hands  of  the  professionals  (ASCAP)    
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