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MUSIC 140 (143)
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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 of 12 - Gospel_JumpBlues_Bebop_CoverVersions.pdf

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Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 140
Professor
Simon Wood
Semester
Summer

Description
Gospel     Ray  Charles  (Robinson)  1930-­‐2004   -­‐ Called  the  “genius”   -­‐ Sang  to  adults   -­‐ Born  in  Albany,  Georgia  (south)   -­‐ Came  from  poor  family/roots   -­‐ Blind  at  the  age  of  7   -­‐ Learned  music  in  a  school  for  the  blind   -­‐ 1952  –  Atlantic  records   -­‐ Highly  successful  with  white  audience   o Heightened  level  of  intensity     SONG  –  I  Got  A  Woman  by  Ray  Charles     1940s  –  Jump  Blues   -­‐ Blues  with  a  faster  tempo   -­‐ Louis  Jordan  (1908-­‐1973)   o Got  his  start  in  the  minstrel  show   § Rabbit  Foot  Minstrels   o Was  an  entertainer   o “Jazz  men  play  for  themselves.  I  want  to  play  for  the  people”   o 1942-­‐1951  –  51  hit  songs   -­‐ Rabbit  Foot  Minstrels   -­‐ Chick  Webb  Orchestra   o When  Chick  Webb  died  (1938-­‐1939)  fight  between  Louis  and  Ella   § Ella  Won   • Chick  Webb  Orchestra  with  Ella  Fitzgerald   • Louis  split  and  started  his  own  band   o Louis  Jordan  and  His  Timpany  5     SONG  –  Five  Guys  Named  Moe  by  Louis  Jordan  and  His  Timpany  5   -­‐ AABA  form   -­‐ Singing  to  adults     Bebop   -­‐ Intellectual  challenging   -­‐ Style  of  jazz  characterized  by  a  very  fast  tempo   -­‐ Largely  improvised   -­‐ Popularity  with  white  teenagers  led  to  moral  panic             1954-­‐1956  –  Cover  Versions   -­‐ “White”  versions  of  “black”  records   -­‐ 3  rules   o Must  get  permission     o Must  give  credit  to  original  writers   o Must  send  %  of  $  to  them     Hillbilly  Chart   Pop  Chart   Race  Chart   -­‐  White   -­‐  White   -­‐  Black   -­‐  Rural   -­‐  Urban   -­‐  Rhythm  &  Blues   -­‐  South   -­‐  North   -­‐  Now  called  Country  &  
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