Class Notes (837,687)
Canada (510,396)
Music (194)
MUSIC 140 (143)
Simon Wood (143)
Lecture 5

Lecture 5 of 12 - CoverVersions_BillHaley_ElvisPresley_SunRecords_ChuckBerry_ChessRecords.pdf

6 Pages
88 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 140
Professor
Simon Wood
Semester
Summer

Description
Early  1950s  –  Cover  Versions  (1954-­‐1956)  –  cont’d     Jimmy  Rodgers   -­‐ Most  cross  over  hits   -­‐ Covers  results  in  good  $     Cover  Phenomena   -­‐ Lasted  only  for  few  years  (ended  in  1956)   -­‐ White  artists  performing  in  black  style:  Rock  ‘n  Roll   -­‐ Term  attributed  to  Alan  Freed   o Alan  Freed  was  a  disc  jokey   o Only  played  ‘original’  artists   o Supported  R&B     Bill  Haley  and  His  Comets   -­‐ Born  in  1925   -­‐ Originally  ‘Bill  Haley  and  The  Saddlemen’   o Changed  to  ‘Bill  Haley  and  His  Comets’  in  1952   -­‐ By  1950s,  Bill  was  successful  in  western  swing,  a  type  of  country/western   -­‐ Early  hits   o Crazy  Man,  Crazy   o Shake,  Rattle  and  Roll     SONG  –  Rock  Around  The  Clock  by  Bill  Haley  (1954)   -­‐ Becomes  popular  in  1955   -­‐ Is  played  during  the  opening  credits  of  the  film  “Blackboard  jungle”   -­‐ 12  bar  blues   -­‐ Peddle  steel     Elvis  Presley  (1935-­‐1977)   -­‐ Born  in  Tupelo,  Mississippi   -­‐ Was  12  years  old  when  listening  to  “other”  music   -­‐ 1953  –  18  years  old     Sam  Phillips/Sun  Records  (independent  record  label)   -­‐ Sun  Records  was  an  independent  record  label   -­‐ Located  in  Memphis   -­‐ 2  employees  (Sam  and  receptionist)   -­‐ A  lot  of  influence  in  black  community   -­‐ Discovered  BB  King     Elvis  went  to  Sun  Records  to  record  a  song  for  his  mother,  Gladys’s  birthday   -­‐ Plays  a  Dean  Martin  song   o Elvis  really  liked  Frank  Sinatra       May  1954  –  Elvis  gets  a  call  from  Sun  Records  to  come  and  record   -­‐ Scotty  Moore  (Guitar)  and  Bill  Black  (Bass)   o Did  covers  that  Elvis  knew   -­‐ Sam  Phillips  didn’t  phone  a  drummer  since  he  assumed  they  would  be   recording  country  &  western     SONG  –  Blue  Moon  of  Kentucky  by  Bill  Monroe   -­‐ No  drums  (well,  no  drums  allowed  on  stage)   -­‐ 3  beats/measure  (country  waltz)   -­‐ Solo  plays  melody   -­‐ “Grand  old  opry”     Within  3-­‐4  days,  the  trio  completely  changed  the  song     -­‐ No  longer  a  country  &  western  song   o Shifted  it  to  4  beats/measure   o Sam  said,  “Now  that’s  a  pop  song  now,  just  about”   -­‐ Bill  is  still  playing  2  beats  (on  1  and  3)   -­‐ Elvis  over  pronounces  his  vowels  on  Kentucky   o Because  he  was  from  the  south   -­‐ “Vocables”  (i.e.  extra  vowels)   o Elvis  turns  “blue  moon”  into  “a  blue  a  moon”   -­‐ “Walking  baseline”  to  make  up  for  the  fact  of  no  drums   o Jazz,  big  band,  blues  (black  songs)   -­‐ Scotty  (guitar)  not  playing  melody   -­‐ Changed  a  sad  song  to  a  happy,  cheerful  song   o Words  do  not  make  sense  anymore   o Shifted  focus  from  word-­‐sense  to  sound-­‐sense   § Word-­‐sense  –  white  music   § Song-­‐sense  –  black  music   -­‐ Sent  to  Dewey  Phillips  (disk  jockey)   o Is  not  related  to  Sam,  even  though  they  have  the  same  last  name   o Dewey’s  show  was  called,  “Red,  Hot  &  Blue”   o Played  Elvis’s  song  about  2  dozen  times  in  a  row   § People  kept  phoning  in  asking  for  it   o Dewey  did  a  phone  interview  with  Elvis   § Elvis  was  19  years  old  at  the  time   § Dewey  got  him  to  reveal  his  race  by  asking  one  main  question   • “Tell  the  folks  where  you  went  to  high  school  son?”   • Because  of  segregation,  everyone  knew  what  race   attended  which  schools           1954-­‐1955   -­‐ Elvis  records  12  songs  in  about  18  months   o Released  on  6x2  songs  ‘singles’   § R&B  on  one  side   • Pulled  to  country  side   § Country  on  another  side   • Pulled  to  R&B  side   -­‐ Regional  Star   o Some  national  success  on  country  charts   -­‐ Known  as  “King  of  Rock  ‘n  Roll”     Records  (an  aside)   -­‐ 12”  –  23  1/3  rpm   o Played  longer   § Known  as:  L-­‐P   o Jazz  and  classical   -­‐ 7”  –  45  rpm   o Played  one  song  on  each  side  (i.e.  singles)   § Known  as:  45’s   o Made  from  new  material  called  vinyl   § More  flexible  and  durable     o Pop  music     Mid  1955  –  Sun  Records  experienced  financial  difficulties   -­‐ Nov  1955  –  sells  Elvis’s  contract  as  soon  as  possible   o Common  practice  for  an  independent  record  company  to  sell  an   upcoming  star  to  a  major  label   § Is  the  only  thing  a  small,  independent  recording  studio  can  do   • Or  else,  it  will  make  them  bankrupt   o Sold  to  RCA  Records  for  $35,000  
More Less

Related notes for MUSIC 140

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit