MUSIC140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: The Crew-Cuts, Dorothy Labostrie, Specialty Records

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2 Aug 2016
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MUSIC 140 Lecture 4
1940s- black appeal radio
- anyone can find radio station and tune in
- enough of white teenagers tune in to make crossover hits
oBlack music appearing on pop charts
Cover Versions: 1954-1956
- “white” versions of “black” records
- remake of a song more suitable for white audience
- One of the most famous of the “cover Versions” was:
oLittle Richard (Richard Wayne Penniman)
Born 1932, Macon Georgia
First big hit was “Tutti Frutti”
His music was hard to be accepted by his family since his family is heavily
religious, they thought music was works of the devil
Released late 1955 on Specialty Records (lyrics revised by Dorothy
LaBostrie)
“Crossover” hit: #2 R&B, #17 Pop
Black artist
oPat Boone:
Born 1934
Was just breaking as a pop star in 1955
Early 1956, releases a cover of “Tutti Frutti”
No R&B, #10 Pop
White artist
Cover versions: “Sh-Boom”
- The Chords
- The Crew Cuts
oSt Michaels Choir School
The Chords: June 1954 / Cat Records – Independent Record Company
Intro A Intrld A B A Intrld Solo (A) A Aout
4 8 4 8 8 8 8 16 8 8
The Crew Cuts: July 1954 / Mercury Records
Intro A A B A Sh-
bm
(A)
Sh-
bm
(A)
B A Intrl
d
A Tag
4 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 8 6
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