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Lecture 5

Lecture 5- Reforming Global Governance.pdf

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Department
Peace and Conflict Studies
Course
PACS 201
Professor
Nathan Funk
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture  5-­‐  Reforming  Global  Governance   5a)  Project  Ploughshares   • Presenter:  John  Siebert,  Executive  Director,  Project  Ploughshares   • Barrels:  57  Erb  Street,  Waterloo,  ON   • Turning  weapons  of  war  into  something  that  is  useful   Whither  the  Human  Security  Framework?   • Self-­‐interest  versus  Values/  Principles   • Land  Mines  Treaty   • International  Criminal  Code   • 3  D’s  of  foreign  policy:  Development,  Diplomacy,  Defense  (e.g.  Afghanistan)   • 5  D’s  of  ploughshares:  Development,  Diplomacy,  Defense,  Democracy,   Disarmament   Background:   • Ecumenical:  community  of  churches  that  support  them   • Canadian  Council  of  Churches   • 10  staff   • Policy-­‐  Advocacy  organization   • Publications   5a3)  Responsibility  to  Protect   • Sovereignty  vs.  Intervention/  Protection   • ICISS  (International  Commission  on  Intervention  and  State  Sovereignty)   2001   o Responsibility  t  prevent   o Responsibility  to  react   o Responsibility  to  rebuild   • Question  of  Authority   • Question  of  Practical  Implementation   • The  Experience  of  Suffering   • Policing  vs.  Military  Campaign  (eg.  Darfur,  Sudan)   o Responsibility  to  prevent   o Responsibility  to  react   o Responsibility  to  rebuild     5b)  The  World  Order  Systems-­  speaker:  Lowell  Ewert   5b1)  International  Human  Rights   • Preamble  to  the  universal  Declaration   • “Whereas  it  is  essential,  if  man  is  not  to  be  compelled  to  have  recourse,  as  a   last  resort,    to  rebellion…human  rights  should  be  protected  by  the  rule  of   law”   • The  declaration  of  human  rights  was  a  response  to  world  war  2  and  the   holocaust   • Reason  for  human  rights  is  the  Universal  Declaration   • Impact  of  human  rights  on  Sovereignty   Assumptions  of  Human  Rights   • Nations  are  more  stable  if  human  rights  are  respected   • Human  rights  are  safety  valve-­‐  people  can  express  opinions  when  they  get   upset  or  don’t  agree  with  government,  therefore  humans  can  grow  and   release  pressures   • Feedback  loops-­‐  if  citizens  can  express  opinions  then  they  can  feed   information  to  policy  makers   • Wisdom  lies  with  an  engaged  citizenry-­‐  if  empower  citizens  then  you  can  get   lots  of  wisdom  from  many  perspectives   5b1a)  Categories  of  Rights   • Liberty:  equivalent  to  Canadian  bill  of  freedoms,  rights  of  religions  and  join   labor  unions,  civil  rights,  political  rights,  voting,  protesting,  writing  letters  to   government  etc-­‐  northern  liberal  democracies  more  concerned  about  this   • Equality  rights:  health,  leisure,  culture,  right  to  food,  adequate  standard  of   living-­‐  socialist  and  soviet  bloc  more  concerned  with  this   • Fraternity:  group  rights,  not  defined  but  it  is  implied.  These  come  from  other   human  rights  and  say  you  have  right  to  democracy,  right  to  clean   environment,  right  to  peace.  Everyone  has  to  work  together  to  collectively   enjoy-­‐  southern  nations  that  were  more  concerned  with  collectivist  cultures   more  concerned  with  this   5b2)  General  International  Law   • Peaceful  relations  are  possible  with  international  laws  and  business  can  be   carried  out  between  nations  that  do  not  trust  each  other   • Allows  interaction  not  requiring  trust   • Clear  expectations-­‐  gives  rules  and  its  predictable  situations   •
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