Lecture 3 - Class Notes - January 21, 2013
...a more human approach?
WARM-UP; what’s the "label"? Think about labels and the terms that we tend to put
on people in society.
What kind of label do you give a person who is both a victim and an offender? A
person, you and me.
Restorative Justice is about...
- focusing on harms (crime is more than broken law)
- attending to justice needs (not simply people getting what they deserve -
- Obligations (offenders towards accountability; communities towards owning safety)
- Engagement (from power in the hands of professionals towards victims, offenders
and communities, as well as other stakeholders)
Review: the goal of RJ
Towards putting things as right as possible
- address harms
- address causes
Pay attention to the root causes of the wrong/harm.
Who has been hurt?
What are their needs?
Whose obligation is these?
Who has a stake in this situation?
What is an appropriate process to involve stakeholders in an effort to put things right?
What are the root causes in this situation? Why did it happen in the first place?
RJ in Practice
- Encounter: about bringing together victims, offenders, and communities in face-to-
face type meetings. They can ask questions directly and find out what they can do to
make things as right as possible.
Circles - include direct victims and offenders and their families as well as
people from the community. Recognizes that harm ripples out and it includes
FGC - Family Group Conferencing: involves family of the victim and people
close to the victim. It doesn't just hurt the victim as an individual - it also affects the
family members of the victim (and offender)
- Reparative: Focused on one side of the equation/crime. Offers support.
CoSA- Circle of Support andAccountability
Peer Support: meet together, talk through struggles and issues and hold each other accountable.
FGDM - Family Group Decision Making. Rather than removing the child
from the home, the people surrounding the child meet to try to find an answer to the
problem. The family is empowered to decide what is best for the child, with the help
of a social worker. They try to keep them connected to their family support network.
Restorative Practice Continuum
Low level matter ------------------------------------------------------- Serious matters
Informal ! ! !! Formal
1 2 3 4 5
1 = Restorative Conversation
2 = Impromptu Restorative Circle
3 = Circle Processes for Decision Making
4 = Large Groups I