Class notes, feb 11

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Peace and Conflict Studies
PACS 329
Judah Oudshoorn

February 11, 2013 Class Notes Cycles of violence and Trauma "Pain that is not transformed is transferred."-Richard Rohr Understanding the relationship between trauma and the cycle of violence (aka the victim/offender cycle) Why understanding Trauma is important: - traumatization is a common impact of crime, violence, and serious conflict - Trauma will come into play in your with in RJ field - Ex: bringing victims and offenders together without addressing individual trauma can be challenging and/or successful Trauma results form a highly stressful, horrifying event over which one feels they have no control and in which they feel powerless and threatened by injury or death (emotional or physical)" - STAR, Eastern Mennonite University, 2011 Stress vs. traumatic stress - Peter Levine (1997) Common responses to trauma - re-experiencing the traumatic event - Numbing or dissociating -Avoidance of people, place and things that remind us of event - Persistent hyper-arousal, aka a constant feeling of alertness - Interruption of a positive sense of meaning and identity - Viktor Frankl- holocaust survivor, talks about trauma and man's search for meaning Trauma Shatters Meaning - Trauma shatters the world as we know it. It leaves us feeling unsafe, disordered, disempowered and disconnected. - Carolyn Yoder (2005) Trauma Creates Needs Needs include: safety, information and answers, story/truth-telling, empowerment, vindication, restitution. Trauma Healing Healing requires addressing needs: 1 - Safety: emotional, physical 2 - Acknowledgement: meaning-making (grieving, getting answers), truth/story-telling, seeking to understand causes. Re-ordering meaning and moving forward in positive ways. 3 - Relationships and Connections: a willingness to risk again. To reconnect with ourselves and others. Finding commonality in peer groups, in the sense of normalization is helpful in moving forward. - Carolyn Yoder (2005) and Judith Herman (1992) Unhealed Trauma - Not addressing trauma can be a form of unconscious coping BUT trauma creates needs ... safety, acknowledgement, reconnection, etc. - When these needs are not met it becomes "us" versus "them" (good versus evil) and "justice at all costs" (redemptive violenc
More Less

Related notes for PACS 329

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.