Class notes, feb 11

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Department
Peace and Conflict Studies
Course
PACS 329
Professor
Judah Oudshoorn
Semester
Winter

Description
February 11, 2013 Class Notes Cycles of violence and Trauma "Pain that is not transformed is transferred."-Richard Rohr Understanding the relationship between trauma and the cycle of violence (aka the victim/offender cycle) Why understanding Trauma is important: - traumatization is a common impact of crime, violence, and serious conflict - Trauma will come into play in your with in RJ field - Ex: bringing victims and offenders together without addressing individual trauma can be challenging and/or successful Trauma results form a highly stressful, horrifying event over which one feels they have no control and in which they feel powerless and threatened by injury or death (emotional or physical)" - STAR, Eastern Mennonite University, 2011 Stress vs. traumatic stress - Peter Levine (1997) Common responses to trauma - re-experiencing the traumatic event - Numbing or dissociating -Avoidance of people, place and things that remind us of event - Persistent hyper-arousal, aka a constant feeling of alertness - Interruption of a positive sense of meaning and identity - Viktor Frankl- holocaust survivor, talks about trauma and man's search for meaning Trauma Shatters Meaning - Trauma shatters the world as we know it. It leaves us feeling unsafe, disordered, disempowered and disconnected. - Carolyn Yoder (2005) Trauma Creates Needs Needs include: safety, information and answers, story/truth-telling, empowerment, vindication, restitution. Trauma Healing Healing requires addressing needs: 1 - Safety: emotional, physical 2 - Acknowledgement: meaning-making (grieving, getting answers), truth/story-telling, seeking to understand causes. Re-ordering meaning and moving forward in positive ways. 3 - Relationships and Connections: a willingness to risk again. To reconnect with ourselves and others. Finding commonality in peer groups, in the sense of normalization is helpful in moving forward. - Carolyn Yoder (2005) and Judith Herman (1992) Unhealed Trauma - Not addressing trauma can be a form of unconscious coping BUT trauma creates needs ... safety, acknowledgement, reconnection, etc. - When these needs are not met it becomes "us" versus "them" (good versus evil) and "justice at all costs" (redemptive violenc
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