PHIL215 Lecture Notes - Institute For Operations Research And The Management Sciences, Paternalism, Thiokol

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26 Nov 2012

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Tuesday, January 24, 2012
1) Codes of Ethics
2) Professional Ethics
3) Loyalty & Whistle-blowing
All codes of ethics share a common structure: (every code of ethics have at least these 8 rules)
1) Obey all the relevant laws
2) No disgracing the business, organization, or profession
a. What’s disgraceful behaviour? - Any of criminal activity is on the grounds for dismissal
(getting fired)
3) Competence (cognitive & technical skills) and non-impairment
4) Diligence (hard-working-ness)
5) Honesty and full disclosure
6) No conflicts of interest
a. Some codes say COI is not allowed
b. Some codes say COI is okay if you fully disclose it, and there is universal consent of all
stakeholders (everyone affected by a decision or action (stake/interest in the connection))
7) Trustworthiness and confidentiality
8) Respect and collegiality towards your peers, colleagues, and clients
DEOTOLOGY Rules to guide action
CONSEQUENTIALIST Rules to ensure kind or quality of behaviour
These rules (codes of ethics) show pieces from deontology, and consequentialist because they tell us how to
Businesses have these 8 rules
Professional Codes have further rules:
9) Some reference to upholding a public good (lawyers: justice, doctors: health, engineers: public safety,
accountants: rights to property)
10) Advance the profession
a. Mentor future members of the profession and help them develop
b. Enhance public esteem for the profession (
11) Reference to some kind of disciplinary mechanism and moreover a duty to report any violations to it
Disciplinary Mechanisms for Code of Ethics
- Difference between the business and professionals
Business “Ombudsperson”: receives ethics complaints
- VP of human resources or head of legal sometimes gets this job
- These are the recommended people that deal with the issue, and it gets authorized by CEO (“ad hoc” (go
to person) who then decides if they want to:
o Fine
o Take time off work with or without pay
o Verbal reprimand
o Firing with or without legal action (crime)
Professional Formal, Quasi-legal
- “Self-regulating” profession
o It’s a club
o They determine the membership
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