Class Notes (810,922)
Canada (494,379)
Philosophy (272)
PHIL 215 (40)


4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Waterloo
PHIL 215
Brian Orend

Tuesday, January 24, 2012 1) Codes of Ethics 2) Professional Ethics 3) Loyalty & Whistle-blowing CODE OF ETHICS AND CONDUCT All codes of ethics share a common structure: (every code of ethics have at least these 8 rules) 1) Obey all the relevant laws 2) No disgracing the business, organization, or profession a. What’s disgraceful behaviour? - Any of criminal activity is on the grounds for dismissal (getting fired) 3) Competence (cognitive & technical skills) and non-impairment 4) Diligence (hard-working-ness) 5) Honesty and full disclosure 6) No conflicts of interest a. Some codes say COI is not allowed b. Some codes say COI is okay if you fully disclose it, and there is universal consent of all stakeholders (everyone affected by a decision or action (stake/interest in the connection)) 7) Trustworthiness and confidentiality 8) Respect and collegiality towards your peers, colleagues, and clients  DEOTOLOGY  Rules to guide action  CONSEQUENTIALIST  Rules to ensure kind or quality of behaviour  These rules (codes of ethics) show pieces from deontology, and consequentialist because they tell us how to behave  Businesses have these 8 rules Professional Codes have further rules: 9) Some reference to upholding a public good (lawyers: justice, doctors: health, engineers: public safety, accountants: rights to property) 10) Advance the profession a. Mentor future members of the profession and help them develop b. Enhance public esteem for the profession ( 11) Reference to some kind of disciplinary mechanism and moreover a duty to report any violations to it Disciplinary Mechanisms for Code of Ethics - Difference between the business and professionals Business  “Ombudsperson”: receives ethics complaints - VP of human resources or head of legal sometimes gets this job - These are the recommended people that deal with the issue, and it gets authorized by CEO (“ad hoc” (go to person) who then decides if they want to: o Fine o Take time off work with or without pay o Verbal reprimand o Firing with or without legal action (crime) Professional  Formal, Quasi-legal - “Self-regulating” profession o It’s a club o They determine the membership Tuesday, January 24, 2012 o They determine criteria for such membership  “moral fitness” (club has the right to kick you out if you behave immorally) - Formal, Quasi-legal mechanism - 1) Complaint – you do something wrong - 2) Fact-finding (Commission of 3-5 senior mentors of the professions) - 3) Formal hearing – you get a chance to defend yourself (usually lawyers involved), other side gets to prosecute - 4) Commission gives finding or judgment (and can’t be appealed, because its self-regulated) - Punishment (if found guilty): o Pay all the costs (lawyers fees, all the hearings etc…) o Process becomes public (everyone will know, might lost reputation) o Pay a fine o Suspension of your license (one of three ways: 1) “training wheels” lose independence/authority because you’re not trusted, 2) temporarily suspend your license (6 months is the norm), 3) permanent suspension of your license Pros and Cons of Codes of Ethics Cons: - Ladd (lawyer who went on to become a judge) o He is a critic of ethics and says: o Codes of ethics are artificial and legalistic o “Rule worship” (they are rules for their own sake) o Rules are either way too vague or way to specific o Codes of ethics focus on the small picture, questions remain about the big picture  He saw that within the industry are glossing over questionable conduct (mining companies causing pollution, yet they have codes of conduct)  His view is that codes of ethics might lead people to think that they are morally better than they are o Codes are “useless”  Ethical people don’t need them to know what to do  Unethical people won’t follow them (won’t make them refrain from bad conduct) o He thinks its about: a public relations function (companies making themselves better than what they truly are) o Professional ethics and ordinary morality are the same Pros: - “Easy ethics” if they help make ethics easy for people then they might provide some guide - Floor and ceiling: Floor: establishes a minimally acceptable conduct (new entrants) Ceiling: at maximum help remind people of the ideals of their work (what does my profession stand for?) o Codes of ethics are a way to communicate them - Professionals owe more than ordinary people because they are in a greater position to do harm o Professionals are more socially empowered - Codes of ethics can convey to “outsiders” what they can expect from “insiders” (people within the business)  which essentially helps smooth relations business or non-business Bayles on Professional –Client Relations 4 Models (first three models are flawed and the last one is the best one): 1) Agency: professional is the agent of the client a. Client has all power (cap
More Less

Related notes for PHIL 215

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.