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Lecture

HEALTH AND SAFETY

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 215
Professor
Brian Orend
Semester
Winter

Description
Tuesday, February 7, 2012 DeGeorges’s Whistle-Blowing Criteria (Con’t from Week 4 -Jan 2- lecture): Permissible if: 1) Seeks to prevent serious harm 2) One informs one’s superior to no affect 3) One exhausts all internal appeals to no affect Obligatory if 1-3 + 4) One has evidence of potential harm 5) Probability of success of stopping harm if whistle-blowing James - Criteria 4 and 5 are too stringent and also partially out of one’s control (we should get rid of them) - Permissible if: 1-3 - Obligatory if: 1) the harm is serious enough “threat to leg and limb” Different Kinds of Whistle-Blowing - Interna ombudsperson, HR, manager vs. External  make it public to the media - Personal  harm directed at you (most popular: sexual harassment) vs. Impersoalharm not directed at you - Open  openly blow the whistle if you divulge your identity vs. Anonymous  conceal identity - Current  whistle blowing on current employer vs. Alumni  whistle blowing on past employer Constructive Dismissal: employer makes steps to make you quit (making your life miserable)  illegal, but it still happens HEALTH AND SAFETY Internal: on the job - Health and safety expense is the second biggest expense after wages o Employers have a huge incentive to keep H&S down o BUT if it is too low, they could have:  Injuries, lost work, and lawsuits  Sickness  Unions begin  high costs  Hurt recruitment and retainment - Physical and mental aspect in H&S: o Physical – life and limb o Mental – stress and disability on the job  Long-hours  Abuse: psychological abuse, verbal abuse Employee & Employer Rights and Duties EMPLOYER RIGHTS: 1) To seek profit (within the law) 2) Direct the strategy of their company (within the law) 3) To serious health and safety efforts on the part of the employees 4) To fire workers for endangering health and safety  to public and employee i. “For Cause” b. Any worker violation of the law on the job c. Economic recession in the industry d. Severe inefficiency on the job Tuesday, February 7, 2012 e. Lack of ability to do the job f. Clear immorality on the job g. Chronic lateness or absente
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