Week Two 9/17/2013 7:01:00 AM
Mayflower: agreed to be governed collectively.
Pilgrims: pre-decessors of the founding fathers.
External power was imposing something on the people without their
consent. Led to Boston Tea Party (1773).
What was the justification of the Declaration of Independence (1776)?
Taxation without representation.
Violence against troops.
Abuse of power by Brits.
Principle of Declaration was independence. – written by Jefferson.
Power did not have right to abuse.
All men are created equal.
Rights, Liberty, and pursuit of Happiness.
o Instead of happiness, originally wanted to put property.
Articles of Confederation.
Intended to be the base of government.
League of friendship.
o Between 13 colonies who were fighting against Britain.
o No executive!
NO INDEPENDENT JUDICIARY.
o Congress had very limited power. Not allowed to impose
taxes. Had to be voluntary.
o Each state had their own currency. Trade policies were not
negotiated. Imposed trade barriers between each state.
EVOLVED into US Constitution. (SEPT. 17)
o VERY Different.
o System based on Checks and Balances.
o Constitutional language is neutral. So some argue that
women were included as it stated “persons”. However, many
indicate that it was directed towards men – head of houses.
Especially as women did not have the right to vote until
o Not entirely legal based on Articles of Confederation.
The original task was to amend the Articles of
At the conference, decided to discard the Articles
entirely and create a new document. Today, US constitution is considered a controversial document.
Many do not say out loud that the document was created around
and during a differ