Readings – Week 5 10/10/2013 8:11:00 AM
Fiorina, chapter 9; Rourke, chapter 8, chapter 9; Federalist No.10 (in
Tea Party – Boston Tea Party – December 16 , 1773.
Colonists dumped tea into Boston Harbor to protest the British tea tax.
The party is a decentralized association of many groups without a single
Astro Turf – fake grass roots.
Constitution does not mention anything about a political party or affiliation.
PP serve as the main connection between ordinary citizens & public officials
US – two party system.
First past the post – FPTP – candidate with the most votes.
Proportional representation – contrast to FPTP – parties win a # of seats
in each electoral district that reflects the proportion of votes they received.
Realignment – shift occurring when the pattern of group support for
political parties changes in a significant & lasting way.
Critical election – realigning election – election that marks the mergence of
a new, lasting alignment of partisan support within the electorate.
Alters the existing electoral alignment.
New groups enter the electorate, influential groups switch parties, solidifying
the terms of political conflict for a generation or more.
The First Party System (Jeffersonian)
Goal was to establish a gov‟t, delineate its power.
Keep national gov‟t small, interpreted the Constitution to limit Federal
Federalists preferred that gov‟t exert more authority.
Supported ^taxes, gov‟t assistance for local industries.
The Second Party System (Jacksonian Democracy)
World‟s first mass party.
Martin Van Buren – father of parties.
Opposed to having a national bank.
The Third Party System (Civil War & Reconstruction)
“The period of no deicison”
no presidential candidate received a 51% vote.
Industrialization, the rise of large business organizations & a long
agricultural depression. Machines – highly organized party under the control of a boss & based on
patronage & control of gov‟t activities.
The Fourth Party System (Industrial Republican)
Notion of normalcy and healing after WWI
The Fifth Party System (New Deal)
Common people – blue-collar workers, farmers, and minorities. –
Republicans – party of established interests.
The Contemporary Party System
Split election outcomes.
Ticket splitting – supporting candidates of different parties in the same
Plus side of Strong Parties Minus side of Strong Parties Balance Sheet
Democracy would be Parties do not provide the Value parties
disorganized to operate. valuable services of which b/c they answer
Parties coordinate they are capable. important pol