Handout – The Cold War
What explains the origins and end of the Cold War?
Why were the Helsinki Accords so pivotal to the end of the Cold War?
Which system is the most stable: unipolar, bipolar, or multipolar?
1945-1950: the Cold War cools
1945, Yalta Conference: Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill agree that after the unconditional surrender of
Germany, it will be divided into four spheres, as will the capital Berlin. Also agree that Eastern
European states that border the USSR will be “friendly” to USSR. Effectively divides Europe.
1946: Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech
1946: George Kennan’s “Long Telegram” (published 1947 in Foreign Affairs magazine as “The
Sources of Soviet Conduct” by Mr. X)
1948-1949: Berlin Crisis & Luftbrücke (airlift) resulting in the division of Germany into 2 states:
West Germany / Federal Republic of Germany / Bundesrepublik Deutschland and East Germany /
German Democratic Republic / Deutsche Demokratische Republik.
1950-1953: Korean War
1953-1962 Peaceful Co-existence
1953 Death of Stalin
1955 Austrian State Treaty: only time during the Cold War the Soviets voluntarily cede territory
1962: Cuban Missile Crisis
War in Vietnam leads to Western (American) recognition of the Sino