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PSCI 281 - The Cold War.pdf

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University of Waterloo
Political Science
PSCI 281
Veronica Kitchen

Handout – The Cold War PSCI 281 Key Questions: What explains the origins and end of the Cold War? Why were the Helsinki Accords so pivotal to the end of the Cold War? Which system is the most stable: unipolar, bipolar, or multipolar? Key Dates: 1945-1950: the Cold War cools 1945, Yalta Conference: Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill agree that after the unconditional surrender of Germany, it will be divided into four spheres, as will the capital Berlin. Also agree that Eastern European states that border the USSR will be “friendly” to USSR. Effectively divides Europe. 1946: Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” speech 1946: George Kennan’s “Long Telegram” (published 1947 in Foreign Affairs magazine as “The Sources of Soviet Conduct” by Mr. X) 1948-1949: Berlin Crisis & Luftbrücke (airlift) resulting in the division of Germany into 2 states: West Germany / Federal Republic of Germany / Bundesrepublik Deutschland and East Germany / German Democratic Republic / Deutsche Demokratische Republik. 1950-1953: Korean War 1953-1962 Peaceful Co-existence 1953 Death of Stalin 1955 Austrian State Treaty: only time during the Cold War the Soviets voluntarily cede territory 1962: Cuban Missile Crisis 1968-1979 Détente  War in Vietnam leads to Western (American) recognition of the Sino
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