PSCI 110 Lecture 16: Note 16

26 views1 pages
17.03. Introduction to Political Thought
Lecture Outline: Rousseau, Discourse on the Origin of Inequality, Part I
Dates: 1712 Birth (Geneva)
1750 Wins prize from Academy of Dijon for Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts
1755 Discourse on Origin of Inequality published
1762 On the Social Contract and Emile published; both are condemned and ordered to
be publicly burned in Geneva and France; French govt orders his arrest
1778 Death (refuge near Paris)
I. Background
A. Personal: born a citizen of Geneva; gave up citizenship; his books often banned there
B. Range of intellectual competence: social and political theory, music, novels,
pedagogy, autobiography
C. Paradoxes of his life and thought: radical/conservative; Enlightenment/critique;
holistic community/total isolation
II. Rousseau’s thought as a response to other thinkers we have read
A. Social contract (Hobbes, Locke)
B. Republicanism (Aristotle, Machiavelli)
C. Critique of inequality
III. Rousseau’s philosophy of history
A. Critique of progress (in Discourse on the Sciences and the Arts)
B. His method and sources: conjectural history based on historians’ & travelers’ reports
IV. Human Nature
A. Independence/self-sufficiency
B. Two basic drives
1. Self-preservation
2. Pity
C. Free will
D. Perfectibility
V. Historical narrative of the development of inequality
A. Rousseau’s state of nature has a long history
B. Gradual process of development from state of nature to social state
1. Brute animality
2. Golden age of moderate sociability: no relations of dependence
3. Agriculture and metallurgy: corruption, inequality, dependence emerge
4. Landholders trick the poor into agreeing to ‘right’ of property
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 1 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class