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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 Vocabulary List

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University of Waterloo
Martha Savage

Psych 101 – Lecture 6 Vocabulary List Please learn the concepts referred to below prior to Lecture 6 to get the most benefit from the class. Note that this material is covered in Modules 23, 24, 25 of the text book. You are welcome to use other sources if you prefer. 1. Associative Learning a. Classical Conditioning - learn to associate 2 stimuli and thus to anticipate events i. Ivan Pavlov - explored classical conditioning - dog experiment: conditioned dog to salivate from hearing a tone (neutral stimulus) ii. Unconditioned stimulus - an unlearned stimulus (ie: food) iii. Unconditioned response - normal response to unconditioned stimulus (ie: salivation to food)  unlearned iv. Conditioned stimulus - a learned stimulus (ie: ringing a tone) v. Conditioned response - response to the conditioned stimulus (ie: salivation to a tone) b. Operant Conditioning - learn to associate a response (our behaviour) and its consequence and thus to repeat acts followed by good results and avoid acts followed by bad results - punishment tells you what not to do; reinforcement tells you what to do i. B.F. Skinner - designed an operant chamber (skinner box) - box has bar that animal presses to release a reward of food or water - used method of shaping, by using reinforcers (food
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