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Lecture 18

Lecture 18 Prosocial behaviour

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Martha Savage

LECTURE 18 Prosocial behaviour Section 59.3 - 59.5 59.3 ALTRUISM When are we most- and least-likely to help? Altruism - the unselfish regard for the welfare of others Bystander Intervention When more people shared responsibility for helping - when there was a diffusion of responsibility - any single listener was less likely to help Bystander effect - any particular bystander was less likely to give aid with other bystanders present The Norms for Helping Social Exchange theory - theory that our social behaviour is an exchange process, the aim of which is to maximize benefits and minimize costs Reciprocity norm - an expectation that people will help, not hurt, those who have helped them Social-responsibility norm - an expectation that people will help those dependent upon them (should help those who need our help ie children) 59.4 PEACEMAKING How do social traps and mirror-image perceptions fuel social conflict? Conflict - a perceived incompatibility of actions, goals or ideas Social Traps - a situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing their self-interest, become caught in a mutually destructive behaviour - soc
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