Lecture 19 Antisocial Behaviour Section 58.1, 58.2, 58.5
What is prejudice?
Prejudice - an unjustifiable (and usually negative) attitude toward a group and its members.
Prejudice generally involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a predisposition to
Stereotype - a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a
group of people
Discrimination - unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group and its members
Prejudice is a negative attitude; discrimination is a negative behaviour
How prejudiced are people?
- over the past half century, americans' approval of interracial marriage has gone up, same with
women and men should receive the same pay for the same job etc
- gender prejudice and discrimination still persist (gays, lesbians, fathers perceived as more
intelligent than mothers)
58.2 SOCIAL ROOTS OF PREJUDICE
What are the social and emotional roots of prejudice?
- stereotypes rationalize inequalities
- discrimination also increases stereotyping and prejudice through the reactions it provokes in
Us and Them: Ingroup and Outgroup
Ingroup - "us" - people with whom we share a common identity
Outgroup - "Them" - those perceived as different or apart from our ingroup
Ingroup bias - the tendency to favor our own group
- ironically, we often reserve our most intense dislike for outgroup rivals most like us
Emotional Roots of Prejudice
Scapegoat theory - the theory that p