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Lecture 22 DevelRaymond Hoopmental Stages.docx

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Martha Savage

LECTURE 22 DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES Module 14.2 – 15.3 14.2 COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT From the perspective of Piaget and of today’s researchers, how does a child’s mind develop? Cognition – all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating Jean Piaget – psychologist who became intrigued with children making wrong answers on intelligence tests  children reason differently than adults - his core idea: that the driving force behind our intellectual progression is an unceasing struggle to make sense of our experiences - the maturing brain builds schemas  a concept or framework that organizes and interprets Information (schemas of cats, dogs, concept of love) - to explain how we use and adjust our schemas, Piaget proposed two more concepts 1) Assimilation – interpreting our new experience in terms of our existing schemas 2) Accommodation – adapting our current understandings (schemas) to incorporate new information Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development 1) Sensorimotor Stage - from birth to 2 years - take everything through their senses and actions – hearing, looking, touching - lack object permanence  the awareness that things continue to exist even when not perceived - also have stranger anxiety 2) Preoperational Stage - age 2 to 6 or 7 yrs old - stage during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic - ie: milk that seems “too much” in a tall, narrow glass, may become an acceptable amount if poured into a short, wide glass - does
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