Class Notes (809,569)
Canada (493,754)
Psychology (2,034)
PSYCH 101 (695)

Clinical Psychology II.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Waterloo
Steve Spencer

Clinical Psychology II  psychotherapy - processes for resolving personal, emotional, behavioral and social problems so as to improve well being  people avoid treatment by minimizing their condition o make symptoms less severe than they are  some resist the help because of stigma (negative stereotypes)  gender roles - males are less likely to seek help than females Mental Health Providers and Settings  clinical psychologists - mental health professionals with doctoral degrees who diagnose and treat mental health problems ranging from everyday to the chronic ad severe  counseling psychologists - mental health professionals who typically with work people needing help with common problems such as stress, copying and mild forms of anxiety and depression  psychiatrists - physicians who specialize in mental health, and who diagnose and treat mental disorders primarily through medications that influence brain chemistry  deinstitutionalization - pushed for returning people from mental institutions to their communities and families and enabling them to receive treatment on an outpatient basis  residential treatment centers - resemble dorms or motel  low level residential treatment centers - provide psychotherapy and life skills training so that the residents can become integrated into society to the greatest extent possible  community psychology - area of psych that focuses on indentifying how individuals mental health is influenced by the neighborhood, econ, social groups, and other community based variables  empirically supported treatments - treatments been tested and evaluated using sound research design 14.2 - Psychological Therapies Insight Therapies  insight therapies - general term referring to psych that involves dialogue between client and therapist for the purposes of gaining awareness and understanding of psychological problems and conflicts  psychodynamic therapies - forms of insight therapy that emphasize the need to discover and resolve unconscious conflicts  psychoanalysis - insight therapy developed by Freud that become precursor to modern psychodynamic therapies  unconscious motivation - sexuality, appetite etc are constantly influencing the way we think  free association - instructs patient to reveal any thoughts that rise, no matter how odd or meaningless they may seem o when you're talking and you start talking about something that you didn't start the topic with  dream analysis - method of understanding unconscious thought by interpreting the manifest content (what happens in the dream) to get a sense of the latent content (unconscious elements that motivated the dream)  resistance - tendency to avoid directly answering unusual questions posed by the therapist  transference - psychoanalytic process that involves patients directing the emotional experiences that they are reliving toward the therapist Modern Psychodynamic Therapies  object relations therapy - variation of psychodynamic therapy that focuses on how early childhood experiences and emotional attachments influence later psychological functioning o focus on objects (real or imagined) Humanistic Therapy  role is to listen and understand  person/client-centered therapy - focuses on individuals abilities to solve their own problems and reach their full potential with the encouragement of the therapist  conditions of worth - appear to judge to lose affection for person who does not live up to expectations  unconditional positive regard - empathetic, genuine and nonjudgmental attention o only way clients can express themselves without fear Behavioral, Cognitive and Group Therapies  behavioral therapies - address problem behaviors and thoughts, and environmental factors that trigger them, as directly as possible  exposure treatments - process in which exposure to feared situation is completed gradually and under controlled situations o mental imagery, actual pictures/models of feared stimulus  systemic desensitization - technique in which gradual exposure to feared stimulus or situation is blended with relaxation training o allows people to practice relaxing under mild anxiety conditions and work their way up to more anxiety ones o flooding - when people jump right to the one that'll cause the most anxiety-- faster treatment Aversive Conditioning  aversive conditioning - technique that involves replacing positive response to stimulus with a negative response, typically by using punishment o Antabuse makes a person throw up if he/she drinks alcohol Cognitive Behavioral Therapies  cognitive behavioral therapy - form of therapy that consists of procedures suc
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.