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Richard Ennis

30 October 2012 Motivation Environment X Person: Motivation comes within the Behaviour: We have certain instincts to Outcomes: Certain outcomes have person, a sort of instinct to engage inbehave a certain way. For example, value. And when we obtain them, the certain behaviours. For example, the aggression is more prominent in two law of effect with come in, reinforcing sucking response, this is an instinctivyear olds. or preceding the behaviour. There is an behaviour. incentive value. Driven by our instincts, as well as our needs and drives. Mechanistic Approach – They are automatic and mechanic in terms of how we act. We do them automatically. Some of our motivation comes from within the individual  Internal Push: Instincts, Needs, and Drives o Example. When we’re hungry. Hunger is what propels our drive to eat. o Hydraulic model: Our physiological factors build in strength, and the drive increases, and once these needs are satisfied, they decrease. Needs are build, and you draw onto that behaviour. o Need-Drive Model o Going back to Harry Harlow’s experiments; we enter the world for a need for social interaction, in order to form a bond or emotional connection with our caregiver. There is an instinctive component to it because we arrive with some of these needs o Drive Production Theories: In the absence of any attachment, the need would begin to grow and become a hunger. The longer the absence continues, the stronger the drive comes to interact and socialize with others. Then once you are satisfied, the motive and needs begins to produce Humanistic Approach – The action haves in the person, particular in the notion of a human being. Looking at why humans are doing what they are doing, doing examples with a cat are limited. Especially in terms of social and psychological needs.  Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Self- actualization •Needto lliveup toone'sfllest and uniquepotential needs •Needfor self-esteem,acheivement,compensatence, Esteem Needs fromothersndence;need for recognitionand respect Belongingness and love •Needto loveand be loved,tobelong and be needs accepted,need to avoidlonelinessand alienation •Needto feel thattheworldis Safety Needs organizedand predicatble;needto feel safe,secure,and stable •Needto satisfyhunger and Physiological Needs thirst o But unfortunately it’s garbage. He had never tested it or experimented it, yet people use it 30 October 2012 o Harry Harlow, for example, rebutted this hierarchy, and that our primary needs are vital. We have been full-filling them since day one. o Carl Rogers – He was a clinician, a practicing psychotherapist, and did research instead of theorize. His notion on self-actualization was built more on the studies of Freud  We have an ideal self and a real self in terms of our own perception. But there is a clash between them. He had argued that emotional health between the real and ideal self isn’t all that great.  For example, students on their academic self – UW students who will find a great job down the road, and what we’re working towards;
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