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Richard Ennis

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Personality  When talking about personality, some attributes are: 1. Stable: a) Time b) Place 2. Individual Indifferences & Distribution 3. Trait and State o State Kindness: Usually a mean person, but if the situation calls for being kind (aka, a hurricane), they will be helpful STATE SHYNESS TRAIT SHYNESS “Garden” variety “Personality” variety 25% of the population 80% of the population Shy in certain situations only (ex. strangers, Pervasive shyness: authority, opposite sex, public appearance) 1. Across situations 2. Across time Minimal negative consequence and possibly Severe consequences positive consequences (ex. may elicit  Enjoy social events and meeting new empathetic response) people  Makes other uncomfortable  Inhibits communication, expression and assertiveness  Promotes excessive self-consciousness and self-preoccupation (ex. introversion)  Prone to low self-esteem, stress, loneliness, and depression Psychodynamic - A very important part to development, and how they maintain balance in their lives, affects their personality. The unresolved issues are going to be deep into the unconscious mind  Personality vs. Society: Shyness is a system of underlying condition- where is the fixation involved? o “His unfulfilled longing for his mother’s affection and oedipal strivings led to castration fear, aggravated by the fact that his father was realistically a threatening figure. With stimulation of sexual drive at puberty, John’s wishes assumed incestuous implications. All sexual interest consequently became taboo, and shyness ensued, the result of repression.” – Freud’s Psychodynamic explanation of shyness (Traditional) o “In shyness the traumatic force of the social event begins with a displacement of a dangerous grandiosity’ from elsewhere in the patient’s life where it is active in a subjectively more benign form. The torment embodied in the symptom of shyness (the dread of being overlooked, ignored, rejected) is also displaced on to the social event from subjectively more benign expressions of derogation and disdain elsewhere in the patient’s life.” – Kaplan’s Psychodynamic explanation of shyness (Modern) Behavioural View of Personality:  Shyness is the issue- it is the behaviour, as a behaviourist would suggest. What we see is a personality; it is not an inward kind of thing. Whole idea is that personality is just a response tendency that has been built up overtime. So when we come into contact with certain situations, our personalities come from the experiences that we have learned and
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