13 September 2012
Introduction to Psychology
The ABC’s of psychology are necessary to examine a phenomenon:
Affect (the emotional impact of things) – how you feel
Behaviour (the actions that they engage in) – what you do based upon one’s relationship
Cognition (the various mental processes) – how do they think about people
THE BASIC M ODEL
Environment (one’s circumstances)
X (the interaction between the person and environment)
Person/People --- Behaviour --- Outcome
SIGMUND FREUD – SYCHODYNAMIC
Our personality traits and mental health issues stemmed from one’s unconscious
One’s behaviour is a means to resolve the issue in the unconscious
Psychodynamic discusses the conflict between the 2 sides of the mind
SKINNER – BEHAVIOURAL AKA NATURALIST )
The real issue was the influence of the environment on the person
The most important interaction between the environment and the behaviour – known as
Diametrically opposed to the psychodynamic theory.
These theorists are the academic-level of psychology; is more grounded in universities around
The only way to become an empirical scientist was to analyze the observable (the environment)
not the unseen (the mind).
The mental processes that lead one to make the decisions that they make due to some sort of
They too look to examine the individual but in a different manner than Freud
o They study the ABC’s in order to understand how the brain interprets them.
o There are several chemicals moving about (chemical balance) causing the emotions that
o Is it possible for human thoughts to evolve as well as the corporal bodies?