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Lecture 2, Development The lecture and module notes for the development section.

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University of Waterloo
Richard Ennis

Psychology 101 Lecture 2 TA Adam Palanica PAS 2261 Tuesdays 1011am apalanicuwaterlooca September2110 621 PM Child Psychology BackgroundThe industrial revolution was 18001900 in western society when technology was advancing a lot InEngland it was not unless for a child to start working at the age of 12 in the mines as young as 6 yearsold The children were used to plant the dynamite in the mines Textile factories the children wouldclean under the machines while they were still on and running In Great Britain the child labour lawbecame enacted to stop children from working at such a young age and soon North America followedGeneral perception of using children for work is called the sapling theory the sapling looks like a treeand does the same thing but the size is different and the view was the same for children Caterpillartheory a child butterfly but doesnt look like the adult its going to become Children may look like usas adults but they have different needs 2 people changed the view to the caterpillar theory areSigmeod Freud and Jean Piaget They said that a childs growth is not a straight line linear line butrather a series of developmental steps like stairsAffective Development Attachment theoryhow we attach feelings to other people ie love1960s and 1950s behaviourists were a large groupThey didnt like anyone who contradicted their knowledgetheories Harry Harlow was a big behaviouristand had established his reputation as such He was using monkeys in his experiments instead of ratswhich were more common They would take newborn babies away from their mother when themonkeys were bred because wild animals in captivity do not make good parents so they would take thebaby monkeys into their own separate cages They had diapers in their cages to catch their poop andwhen the lab assistants would come around to collect the spoiled diapers the monkeys would fight themfor the diaper dig their claws into it and crying Harry Harlow was at a convention and were talkingabout their lab stories and about this phenomenon of the monkeyswhen Harry had a thought aboutthis it occurs to him that it could be love Freuds Theory Love is really a secondary emotion the primary one being sex For children sexual pleasure is all aboutthe mouth getting it touched being breastfed etc Love is a by product the child is showing affectionto an individual because shes giving himher what he wants sex Behaviourist Theory Love is still a secondary emotion whereas the primary need is need if a child needs something this bigperson parent gives them what they need or want so they start showing affection for this person Harry was thinking that the monkeys may have fallen in love with their diapers But how They haveremoved them from their mother their source of sex The monkeys show attachment to the diapers soin absence of a real love they settle for the best they have which for them was the diaper Harlow cameup with a new theory that love in the sense of attachment could be a primary need or instinct To testhis theory he performed one of the most well known experiments ever he takes these monkeys and
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