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PSYCH 101 (705)

Learning This is the lecture outline as provided by Dr. Ennis with my own annotations.

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Richard Ennis

LEARNINGLecture Outline AssociationsSeeing a beautiful person you get arousedA Volkswagen is driving by and you do not get arousedA beautiful person driving a Volkswagen is repeatedly shown o Arousal to the beautiful person o Eventually only the Volkswagen will achieve arousalThe Volkswagen is associated with the beautiful personLearning as Contiguity From Aristotle to PavlovLearning in time or space o Seeing connections among things in time and spaceDiscussed as early as Aristotle John Locke 16321704 and tabula rasaTabula rasablank slateArrive in this world as an empty slate and our experiences determine what we acquire in terms of knowledge behaviour abilities and skills experiences write on our blank slateNurture argument EnvironmentalSuffered from a scientific standpoint because of lack of research to describe methods of operation Ivan Pavlov 18491936A biologist earned a Nobel Prize for studying the digestive system o Discovered a method to implant a window inside the stomach of a dog in order to observe digestionHeralded as Russias greatest scientistRan a virtual factory with research in Moscow constantly doing researchUsed dogs extensively plentiful in MoscowPsychic secretionsdog foresees arrival of food and begins salivation and secretion of digestive fluids o An association of the mere appearance of food and secretion of saliva and digestive fluids Classical Pavlovian ConditioningSee overheadPairs a bell no effect on secretion with presentation of foodEventually bell alone causes salivation and secretion of digestive fluidsDogs are associating stimuli in time o Bell becomes a predictor of the presence of foodExisting condition salivation and secretion in response to food Unconditioned stimulus food unconditioned response salivation and secretionBell is a neutral stimulus no response
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