Class Notes (809,047)
Canada (493,506)
Psychology (2,034)
PSYCH 101 (695)

[FALL 2013 UW] PSYCH 101 - LEC 1

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Waterloo
Richard Ennis

(Lec.1) What is psychology?  1879 Wilhem Wundts “atoms of the mind” experiment, where he measure the time it took for people to respond (via. Telegram) to the sound of the ball hitting the platform. Two branches of psychology… Structuralism {Edward Bradford Titchener}: [early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind] looking at the structural elements of the mind, through method of self reflection [introspection], training people to report of their experiences. Therefore, introspection waned because it required smart verbal people, and the results differed according to person to person and experience and experience. Functionalism {William James}: [A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function and how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish] Functionalists are considered to think, from the evolved functions of thoughts and feelings, that these thoughts and feelings developed because they are adaptive. As a functionalist, it comes to exploring down-to-earth emotions, memories, streams of consciousness, etc. Behaviorism… is the view that psychology: 1) Should be an objective science, one cannot observe sensations or feelings, as opposed people’s to behavior to different responses 2) Studies behavior without reference to mental processes [Most research psychologists agree with 1 not 2] In 1920 psychology was defined as… “the science of mental life”, it was then redefined as “the scientific study of observable behavior” new definition… “Psychology is the science of behavior and mental processes”  Behavior: “do”, any action that can be observed  Mental Processes: internal subjective experiences [e.g, behavior, perception, belief, etc.] The criteria of science: Empirical: acquired by means of observation, Replicable: able to be replicated and reproduced Falsifiable: to be able to disproved or proved to be incorrect Humanistic psychology… a significant perspective that emphasized the importance of environmental influences and the growth potential of healthy people and potential for individual growth (having needs satisfied) Cognitive neuroscience (cognitive psychology)… study of the brain activity that’s linked with cognition [including perception]. Cognitive Neuroscience is beneficial in developing ways to understand and treat disorders such as depression the biggest question that arises… NATURE VS NURTURE?  It is the longstanding controversy over relative contributions that genes and experience make to development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today’s science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of nature AND nurture.  Natural Selection [Charles Darwin 1859]… the principle that among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed onto succeeding generations Psychology’s three main levels of analysis: the differing complementary views from biological to psychological to social cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon. The Bio-psycho-social approach integrates biological, psychological, and socio-cultural influences on levels of analysis and offers a more complete picture of any behavior or mental process. Subfields of psychology… - Basic research: pure science that aims to increase knowledge base biological psychology  links between brain and mind developmental psychology  our changing abilities from womb to tomb social psychology  exploring how we view and affect on another - Applied research: study that aims to solve practical problems counseling psychology  a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (school, work, marriage, etc.) and in a achieving greater well-being clinical psychology  a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders psychiatry  a branch of medicine dealing
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.