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[FALL 2013 UW] PSYCH 101 - LEC 8

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Richard Ennis

Lec.8 Recall… Intrinsic value versus extrinsic value: how to recover intrinsic value. Try operating on the base of intrinsic value and find the intrinsic value in the activity. Sigmund Freud Personality… Psychoanalytic perspective [Freud]  Focusing on the inner forces that interact to make us who we are Free association: in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing Psychoanalysis: Freud’s theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions Unconscious: according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware Id [Tasmanian Devil]: contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual; and aggressive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification Ego: the largely conscious “executive” part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id’s desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain Superego: the part of personality that according to Freud represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations Psychosexual stages: the childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which, according to Freud, the id’s pleasure seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones.  Oral (0-18 months): Pleasure centers on the mouth- sucking, chewing, biting, etc.  Anal (18-36 months): Pleasure focuses on bowel and bladder elimination’ coping with demands for control  Phallic (3-6 years): Pleasure zone is in the genitals; coping with incestuous sexual feelings  Latency (6-puberty): Dormant sexual feelings  Genital (Puberty- onward): Maturation of sexual interests Oedipus complex: according to Freud, a boy’s sexual desires towards his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father Identification: the process by which according to Freud, children incorporate their parents’ values into their developing superegos Fixation: according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual; stage, in which conflicts were unresolved (Being stuck on a certain developmental stage) Defense mechanisms: in psychoanalytic theory, the ego’s protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality  Repression: in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts. Feelings. And memories from consciousness  Regression: psychoanalytic defense mechanism in which an individual face with anxiety retreat to a more infantile psychosexual stage, where some psychic energy remains fixated  Reaction formation: psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which the ego unconsciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites. Thus, people may express feelings that are the opposite of their anxiety-arousing unconscious feelings  Projection: psychoanalytic defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others  Rationalization: defense mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations in plave of t
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