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Lecture 2

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Stephanie Denison

PSYCH 101 01/09/2014 William James ­ Begs the question what does the mind do? ­ Psychology grew out of philosophy ­ Professors who called themselves psychologists were really profs of philosophy in universities ­ “psychology is science of mental life” ­ father of psychology Imannuel Kant ­ 18 century German philosopher ­ 3 irreducible faculties of mind; knowledge, feeling, and desire ­ by virtue of the mind that we feel things, know things, and desire things Ernest Hilgard ­ recast the faculties of mind turning them into specific terminology • knowledge-cognition; knowledge and beliefs; how we deal with people • feelings-emotion; affect, moods, feeling, pleasure, pain etc • desire-motivation; drives, needs, desires, purposes, goals, tendencies to approach and avoid things Scope ­ basic processes • includes an inquiry into the basic mind and how it works o how we solve problems, why we feel what we feel o motivation processes - developmental psychology origins of the mind in different species do chimps, dogs and cats really have minds in terms of human minds? Minds about the individual; genetic life-span Learn about the child; are they learned, innate, learned over process of development - individual differences idiosyncratic organizations of mental life exist in things like intelligence how much of that comes from nature or nurture (learned) personality traits; extroversion eroticism consciousness - pathology disorders of mental life disorders of cognition of emotion; depression, bipolar disorder of motivation; eating disorders - applications of basic knowledge how its used in education, therapy, work how can be used in work place, to become more efficient at their jobs, and be happy interested in relationship between supervisors and workers etc. Psychology:AScience of Behaviour - counted as behaviour sciences (slide) interested in behaviour of humans and animals; how they interact with the world and each other each science has its own way of explaining the behaviour (behaviour sciences) interested in general question: how inds, human or animal, interact with each other and the world in which they live what is special about psych, what makes it different from the other fields? Philosophical Doctrine of Mentalism ­ mental causation ­ says mental states are to action as cause is to effect; actions are caused by our mental states ­ psych is going to assume that what we do is caused byw hat we are thinking or desire in the time that it took place ­ always in terms of what the ind thought or wanted at the particular time that ind action o
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